Literary Genres

Jane Hooper
Grade 3
English Language Arts
2.01 Interact with the test before, during, and
after reading, listening, or viewing
2.05 Draw conclusions, make generalizations,
and gather support by referencing the text
3.01 Respond to fiction, nonfiction, poetry, and
drama using interpretive, critical, and evaluative
Computer/Technology Skills
3.04 Identify, discuss, and use multimedia to
present ideas/ concepts/ information in a variety
of ways
How do I
identify a genre
by its
What is a literary
A genre is a
particular style or
type of writing.
Major Genres
• Fiction
– Writing that tells about
imaginary people and events
• Non-Fiction
– Writing that tells about real
people and events
•lines of poetry (verses) are
written in stanzas
•may include patterns of rhyme to
capture the reader’s interest
•uses carefully selected words and
phrases to create vivid pictures in the
reader’s mind
•a cast of characters
•a narrator who gives
important information
•parts called acts or scenes
•props to help support action
•dialogue that tells what the actors
•stage directions in italics
Realistic Fiction
•The setting is realistic
•The characters speak and act
like real people
•The story describes real-life
problems and events
•Characters are simpler than real
people - they may be completely
greedy, completely wicked , or
very gentle
•Actions are repeated
over and over
•Some fables teach a lesson about
what is important in life, such as
fairness, kindness, or cleverness
Folk Tale
• Told in many different versions by many
different people
Original storyteller is unknown
Characters are animals that act and
speak like people
Use of the number three
Tall Tale
• Extraordinary person - the main character is better
at things than an ordinary person
• Exaggeration – makes something greater or bigger
than it really could be
• Explanation – explains how something came to be
Myth / Legend
• A kind of fantasy
• A very old story
handed down by
word of mouth
Explains something
about nature or
answers questions
about the meaning of
life or what is good
or evil
Fairy Tales
• Often begin with
Once upon a time or
Long, long ago
Include magic
or something
Setting is a
forest or a
Include a good
character and a bad
(evil) character
Involves a
problem that
is solved and
the good
people live
happily ever
• Nonfiction
• Story about a real
person’s life that is
written by another
Can cover a person’s
whole life, part of a
person’s life, or a single
A true account of a
person’s life based on
facts collected by the
Written from the third
person point of view (he
or she)
• Scott Foresman Reading – grade 3