Chpt 19 Study Guide MEHAP

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Directions

: AP European History Hancock/Scott

C

HAPTER

19 T

HE

E

XPANSION OF

E

UROPE IN THE

E

IGHTEENTH

C

ENTURY

R

EADING

& S

TUDY

G

UIDE

Follow the format as explained and modeled on the Reading for Content & Critical Thinking assignment sheet. Make sure to complete all parts of the assignment as required. If you have any questions please come see me.

Students are expected to: 1. Do the assigned reading every night. See calendars available on line. 2. Take notes on the reading. 3. Answer the reading questions on each chapter study guide in complete sentences. 4. Hand in Chapter Analysis

Learning Objectives

- After reading and studying this chapter you should be able to: 1. compare and contrast farming methods and the supply of food before and after the Agricultural Revolution 2. account for the dramatic increase in population in Europe during the eighteenth century 3. explain how Europe nations developed world trade during the eighteenth century 4. discuss the consequences of European expansion for the common people

Reading Questions:

1. How did the open-field system work? Why was much of the land left uncultivated while the people sometimes starved? 2. What changes brought the open-field system to an end? 3. Where did the modern agricultural revolution originate? Why? 4. What is meant by

enclosure?

Was this movement a great swindle of the poor by the rich, as some have claimed? 5. Was the dramatic growth of population in the eighteenth century due to a decreasing death rate or an increasing birthrate? Explain? 6. How was the grip of the deadly bubonic plague finally broken? 7. What improvements in the eighteenth century contributed to the decline of disease and famine? 8. How did the

putting-out

system work and why did it grow? 9. What were the advantages and disadvantages of the putting-out system for the merchant-capitalist? For the worker? 10. What was mercantilism? How could it have been a cause of war? Of economic growth? 11. The eighteenth century witnessed a large number of expensive and drawn-out wars. Who was attempting to alter the balance of power? Were the causes of these wars economic or political? 12. Did the American colonists and the American colonial economy benefit or suffer from the British mercantilistic colonial system? 13. What role did the Creoles play in colonial Latin America? The

mestizos?

The Indians?

14. What was the general message set forth in Professor Adam Smith’s book,

The Wealth of Nations

? How would his ideas impact government?

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