By Bukola Akinjobi, Carrie Beard, and Jennifer Roper Before OSHA… 14,500 American workers were killed annually on the job. Nearly 2,200,000 were disabled annually in on the job accidents. State Enforcement Few laws enacted. Failed to allocate appropriate funds to enforce these laws. OSHA is created Established in 1971 Occupational Safety and Health Act An agency of the Department of Labor Purpose OSHA “aims to ensure employee safety and health in the United States by working with employers and employees to create better working environments” The Early Years Arbitrary and inconsistent enforcement Retrofit guards and other safety devices on existing equipment Implement other hazard controls Other requirements, such as mandated training, communication, and extensive documentation With time… OSHA-compliant safety features on new machinery. Consistent enforcement. Outdated or irrelevant rules have been repealed or are not enforced. Regulatory Impact Guards on Moving Parts Permissible Exposure Limits Personal Protective Equipment Lock Out/Tag Out Hazard Communication Bloodborne Pathogens In the News… Safe cleanup from Hurricane Gustav, 9/5/08 New report released showing decline in worker fatalities, 8/20/08 Cooperative Programs OSHA Alliance Program and Strategic Partnership Program OSHA Alliance Program: o Work with labor unions, trade or professional groups, government agencies, and educational institutions – Activities of alliances: Assist OSHA in developing interactive, web-based training tools on occupational safety and health topics Help develop Safety and Health Topics pages Appear at trade shows and conferences. Strategic Partnership Program: o Focus on safety and health programs and include enforcement , outreach and training components Safety and Health Achievement Recognition Program and Voluntary Protection Programs Safety and Health Achievement Recognition Program (SHARP): o Recognizes small employers who develop, implement and continuously improve effective safety and health programs at their business Voluntary Protection Programs (VPP): o Promote effective worksite-based safety and health. OSHA TRAINING Outreach, Education, Compliance Assistance OSHA Training Institute Provide Training and Education in occupational safety and health Trains Federal and state compliance officers State consultants Federal agency personnel Private sector OSHA Training Institute Education Center • OTI education center is an extension of the OSHA Training Institute • The program was created in October 1992 • As of 2007 there are a total of 26 OTI education centers Courses by OTI Education Center • OTI provides online courses and courses located at OSHA education centers in all OSHA regions • Popular courses: #500 Trainer Course in Occupational Safety and Health Standards for the Construction Industry #501 Trainer Course in Occupational Safety and Health Standards for General Industry OSHA Outreach Training Program Train workers in the basics of occupational safety and health Individuals can attend a one week program that enables them to teach 10-hour or 30hour courses in contruction or general industy safety OSHA Certificate Workers • Rights and Responsibilities Follow all safety rules and regulations Have right to training Have right to request employer fix hazards •Problems in the Workplace Imminent danger and refusal of dangerous work Discrimination for filing complaints OSHA General Duty Clause "Each employer shall furnish to each of his employees employment and a place of employment which are free from recognized hazards that are causing or are likely to cause death or serious physical harm to his employees." OSHA Inspections What Triggers an OSHA Inspection? • Imminent Danger • Catastrophes & Fatal Accidents • Employee Complaints or Referrals • Programmed Inspections Planned or Targeted • Follow-Up Inspections. OSHA Insepction Process • • Opening Conference Inspection purpose described Complaint is provided, if applicable Records summoned for inspection Walk around Identify potential safety & health hazards Evaluation of safety and health program OSHA Inspection Citations Abatement Eliminate workplace hazards Variances Length of time for abatement Penalties and Fines Employer must post a copy citation near place where violation occurred, for 3 days or until violation abated Violations and Penalties Other-than-serious (up to $7,000) Probably would not cause Death Serious (mandatory $7,000) Substantial Probably of causing Death Willful (minimum $5,000 to $70,000) Employee Death due indifference of known hazard up to $500,000 fine or six months incarceration Repeated($70,000) Failure to abate($7,000) Major Compliance Forms OSHA Form 300 Log of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses OSHA Form 301 Injury and Illness Incident Report OSHA Form 300A Summary of Work-Related Injuries and Illnesses Regulations and Standards Regulations General guideline Standards Developed in response to a specific hazard Personal Protective Equipment (PPE) Blood-born Pathogens Chemical Hazard Communication Underreporting Study Hidden Tragedy: Under reporting of work place Injuries and Illnesses US House of Representatives June 2008 Committee of Education and Labor As much as 69% of illness an Injuries never make it into the Survey of Occupational Injuries and Illnesses (SOII) Extra Information Videos on OSHA: http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=b1N48Z5H erA http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=W8Gf2Wg 1FJs http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=S_vypoQ8 3eQ Resources http://www.osha.gov/ http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Occupational_Saf ety_and_Health_Administration http://www.semcosh.org/osha-view.htm Spellman. Surviving an OSHA Audit: A Management Guide. CRC Press. 1998.