Chapter 33: Pats and Plebs Student Study Guides Megan O’Neil 4/21/13 S.S Chapter 33: Rise of the Roman Republic How are the Plebeians and the Patricians different? The plebeians and patricians were different because the plebeians were poor and they were slaves for the patricians and they had to serve in the army for the patricians. The patricians though, were rich and could take part in the government and be in charge of other things, unlike the plebeians. What is the Senate? The Senate was a group of 300 men elected to govern Rome in the Roman Republic What happened in 494 B.C.E. that started a change? In 494 B.C.E. the plebeians rebelled by leaving the city and marching to a hill near the city where they claimed that they would stay there until the patricians treated them justly by meeting their demands. What is the Tribune of Plebs? The tribune of Plebs was a group of plebeians elected by plebeians that spoke for the plebeians to the Senate and consuls. Later on, they were able to veto, or overrule proposals from the Senate and government officials they thought unfair. What rights did the Plebeians gain? After the plebeians rebelled, they rights they gained were: The tribune of Plebs (which gave them the power to veto and speak for the plebeians to the Senate and counsels), The Council of Plebs (could make laws for plebeians), One of the two Roman councils had to be a plebeian, plebeian assemblies could nominate the councils, the tribunes, and the members of the Senate. What is the Twelve Tables and what is their importance? The 12 tables were the first written laws for Rome. Their importance was that the patricians could no longer change the laws at will. What did Rome inspire for future nations? Rome inspired the republican form of government, a government ruled by a written constitution and elected assemblies. Rome Study Guide Chapter 33 By: Luke Hunneke Name: 1. Vocabulary: Patrician: Plebeian: Consul: Tribune: 2.The Senate is: 1. A group of 400 men 2. A group of 30 men 3. A group of 500 men 4. A group of 300 men 3. What is The Conflict of the Orders? 4. What is the Tribune of Plebs? 5. What three rights did Plebeians gain? 6. What are the Twelve Tables? 7. What did Rome inspire in future times? Chapter 33: Rise of the Roman Republic By Luke Siwik Describe the Struggles between the Patricians and the Plebeians: 1. How are the Plebeians and the Patricians different? Patricians: Small group of Wealthy landowners Upper class Patres means father They choose fathers of state, the man who advised Etrus king Controlled most valuable land and held important military and religious offices Plebeians: Mostly peasants, laborers, craftspeople, and shopkeepers Lower class plebs means many Made up about 95% of population Could not be priests or gov officials Little say in gov Forced to serve in army 2. What is the Senate? The Patricians decided to throw out the Etruscan king. They created a republic where they elected officials work for the interests of the people. Most of the power was in the hands of the Senate. Republic: Elected officials work for the interests of the people. Democratic gov. Senate: Group of 300 men that the Patricians elected. They served for life. They appointed gov officials and served as judges. Consul: One of two chief leaders in the Roman Republic. 3. What happened in 494 BCE that started a change? Before 494 BCE: Patricians made sure that only they could be part of the government and they could only be senators. Plebeians had to obey their decisions. Because the laws weren’t written down, so patricians made laws to benefit themselves. The Plebeians had to fight so they demanded more rights. So they rebelled and the struggle between them was the Conflict of orders (which got heated in times of war). During 494 BCE: Rome was a city of 25,000 to 40,000 people (most were plebeians). Angry over lack of rights, they marched out of the city and camped on a nearby hill. They refused to come back unless they were going to have power. Without plebeians, ROme had no workers and no army. They had to compromise. 4. What is the Tribune of Plebs Tribune: An official of the Roman Republic elected by plebeians to protect their rights. Tribune of Plebs: Elected officials (tribunes) who spoke for the plebeians to the Senate and the consuls. Over time, the number of tribunes grew from 2 to 10. Plebeians also had lawmaking body called Council of Plebs. But they only made laws for the Plebeians. 5. What rights did the Plebeians gain? After Tribune of Plebs: Power to veto, or overrule actions by the Senate and gov officials that they thought were unfair After 200 years of protesting: laws were written down (Patricians could not change them) laws were written down on tablets called twelve tables 367 BCE One of two consuls had to be plebeian It could be possible for plebeians to be Senators (former consuls held seats in Senate) 287 BCE Right to pass laws for all Roman citizens Assemblies of all Roman citizens could approve or reject laws Plebeian assemblies nominated the consuls, the tribunes, and the members of the Senate 6. What are the Twelve Tables and what is their importance? Twelve Tables: Place were Romes laws were posted (written down) on. Importance: The patricians were not able/forced to not change the laws to their benefit. 7. What did Rome inspire in future nations? They set an example of a government ruled by a written constitution (set of basic laws) Future republicans appointed to their ideals of electing assemblies, citizenship, and civic duty. Adopted model of gov bodies that could check each others power Inspired by spirit of republicanism Social Studies Chapter 33 Study Guide By: Keila D’Alia #602 How are the plebeians and patricians different? Patricians were the upper class and were given many rights in government. Plebeians were the lower class and at first, had no rights in government. Patricians were a small group of wealthy landowners who held the important military and religious affairs. Plebeians were a large group of peasants, laborers, craftspeople, and shopkeepers. What is the Senate? The Senate was a group of 300 men elected to govern Rome in the Roman Republic. What happened in 494 B.C.E. that started a change? Plebeians were angry over lack of power, so they marched out of the city and camped on a hill. The plebeians refused to come back until the Patricians met their demands. If an enemy struck Rome, the army would be helpless, so the Patricians had no choice but to compromise with the Plebeians so that they would come back. What is the Tribune of the Plebs? The Tribune of the Plebs were elected officials who spoke for the Plebeians to the Senate and consuls. Later, they gained the power to veto actions by the Senate and government officials were unfair. Over time, the number of Tribunes grew from 2 to 10. What rights did the plebeians gain? Tribune of the Plebs- spoke for Plebs to Senate and consuls Council of Plebs- a lawmaking body for the Plebs Twelve Tables- a set of tablets where laws were written down so that the Pats could not change them to their will One of two consuls had to be a plebeian Plebs could become Senators Plebs gained the right to pass laws for all Roman citizens EQUALITY!!! What are the Twelve Tables and what is their importance? Before, Pats changed the laws to their will Plebs became unhappy and wanted the laws to be written down 451 B.C.E. = the year when the Pats agreed to write the laws down Laws were written down on tablets called the Twelve Tables What did Rome inspire future nations? Constitution- a set or written laws (the Twelve Tables) A Republic- a type of government with elected leaders Chapter 33: Rise of the Roman Republic Study Guide By Gabby Tallud Describe the struggles between the Patricians and the Plebeians. Match the Vocab Find the word that has the same meaning and make a line by the matching ones. Conflict of Orders A written record that sets basic laws Consuls One of two chief leaders in the Roman Republic Veto patricians The struggle between the plebeians and Constitution A form of government with elected leaders Republic made by the To refuse to approve proposals of government Senate Short Answer (Write in complete sentences except for the first one.) How are the Plebeians and Patricians different? Patricians Plebeians What is the Senate? What happened in 494 B.C.E. that started a change? What is the Tribune of Plebs? What is the Tribune of Plebs? What rights did Plebeians gain? What is the Twelve Tables and what is their importance? What did Rome inspire in future nations?