Nationalism & Sectionalism PowerPoint

Learning Goals:
 Identify factors
that identified
national unity in the
early 1800s.
 Describe events
that increased
 Summarize how
Americans reached
agreements with
foreign nations to
help secure its
Journal Question: If Arizona
decided to break away from the
United States and create its own
country how would you feel
about that?
During this time period of
history politicians tried to
bring the United States
• 1. Nationalism is
the feeling of
pride, loyalty, and
toward your
nation. Henry
Clay was a
2. Three parts of the
American System were:
• Establish a protective
tariff ; Tariffs are a tax on
imported goods that
protects a nation’s
businesses from foreign
• establish a national bank
• improve the country’s
transportation systems
3. Southerners
objected to high
tariffs because
they depended
on trading cotton
for foreign
An old cartoon ridiculing Henry
Clay's Tariff and Internal
Improvement Program
• 4. The Missouri
maintained the
balance of
power in
between free
states and
slave states.
The handshake
represents that an
agreement kept the
U.S. from war at
this time.
5. "And be it further enacted. That in all that territory ceded by
France to the United States, under the name of Louisiana, which lies
north of thirty-six degrees and thirty minutes north latitude, not
included within the limits of the state, contemplated by this act,
slavery and involuntary servitude, otherwise than in the punishment
of crimes, whereof the parties shall have been duly convicted, shall
be, and is hereby, forever prohibited: Provided always, that any
person escaping into the same, from whom labor or service is
lawfully claimed, in any state or territory of the United States, such
fugitive may be lawfully reclaimed and conveyed to the person
claiming his or her labor or service as aforesaid."
– Missouri Compromise from Section 8 of the document
According to the Missouri Compromise fugitive slaves who
traveled to a free state would be returned to the owner.
• 6. By acquiring
Florida and
setting the
boundary with
Canada at the
49th parallel, the
United States
settled border
disputes with
Spain and
Florida’s flag
• 7. The Monroe
Doctrine declared
that the United States
would view European
interference in the
Americas as a threat
to the national
interest of the United