PHIL 220 Spring 2014 Study Guide/Exam 2 I You should be able to identify or define the following terms: Euthanasia Active/Passive Euthanasia Voluntary/Nonvoluntary/In voluntary Euthanasia Suicide Assisted Suicide Virtue Vice Prima Facie Reproductive Cloning Theraputic Cloning Genetic Manipulation Somatic Cell Nuclear Transfer Stem Cells Eugenics Procreative Freedom II You should be able to answer multiple choice, true/false or matching questions about the following topics: Reviewing the Theories (Euthanasia) Setting The Terms The Argument from Nature The Argument from Self-Interest The Argument from Practical Effects Rachels “Active and Passive Euthanasia” Active, Rather than Passive A Possible Disanalogy Rachels’s Mistake Withdrawl does not equal Euthanasia A Better Distinction Two Moral Values What about Physicians? Doerflinger, “Assisted Suicide: Pro-Choice or Anti-Life?” A Constitutional (but not moral) Contradiction Back to the Slope Watts & Howell, “Assisted Suicide is Not Voluntary Active Euthanasia” 3 Levels of Assistance Conclusion Virtue Ethics A TRA for Virtue Ethics The Main Idea Strengths and Weaknesses The Issue The Theories Robertson, “Human Cloning” Reproductive and Theraputic Cloning The Boys (or Girls) from Brazil? What about that slope? Kass, “Preventing” Human Cloning Constitutes Unethical Experimentation Human Cloning Threatens Identity and Individuality Human Cloning Turns Procreation into Manufacture The Argument from Autonomy The Argument from Fairness Self-Defeating Paradox The Desire for Perfection The Argument from Virtue III You should be able to write a 2-3 paragraph essay in response to one of the following questions. Argue for or against the moral permissibility of one or all of the forms of euthanasia. Make sure to specify what form, if any, you find morally permissible. Include in your argument consideration of the arguments of either Gay-Williams or Rachels. Defend or criticize the self-determination argument in favor of assisted suicide, making sure to reference the arguments of either Brock or Doerflinger. Argue for or against the moral permissibility of reproductive cloning. Include in your discussion consideration of the arguments of either Robertson or Kass. Explain and evaluate Sandel’s argument against genetic enhancement. Make sure to include a discussion of why it’s a virtue ethical approach as well as the central role played by the concept of giftedness.