Major World Religions: Judaism Which continent has the largest Amount of Jews? _____________________________________________________ History Judaism traces its history back to the _________________ of __________________, but the explicitly Jewish historical origins begin with ______________________ and the ________________________ Most of what we know about the early history of the Hebrews is contained in the ____________ ____________ ______________ of the Hebrew Bible, called the _______________. These are considered the most sacred writings in Jewish history. In the Torah, God ________________ ___________________ to be the “father” of the Hebrew people. God and Abraham made a ___________________ – Abraham promised to obey God, and in return, God promised to protect Abraham and his descendants. Under God's command, Abraham migrated to the region of __________________, which is roughly equivalent to modern Israel and Lebanon. The Hebrews migrated to ___________ because of drought and famine. For a time, the Hebrews lived in _______________________ in Egypt. Between 1300 and 1200 B.C., the Hebrews left Egypt, and were led by a man named _________________. Moses climbed to the top of Mt. Sinai, and God spoke to him. It was during this time that Moses was given the __________ ____________________. These commandments and the other teachings that Moses delivered to his people became the basis for the ___________ and ____________________ _____________ of Judaism. Beliefs The practice of Judaism has been devoted to the study of _______________ and observance of these laws and commandments Belief in __________ _____________________ ______________. The concepts of multiple gods (polytheism) or of a God taking multiple forms (for example ____________) are ______________________ in Judaism God is conceived of as _____________________, the creator of the universe, and the source of ___________________. God has the power to ____________________ in the __________________. The world was created by God in six days, on the seventh day he rested. Jews believe in the _____________________, _____________________God of the Bible Jews believe in a ____________________ _____________________ with God and praying only to God ____________________ of ________________ is held to be true and he is the greatest prophet of all Judaism's focus is more on _________ __________ ________________ ____________ than on trying to define God. There is therefore a focus on what people are __________________ ____ _____ _____ ______ far more than on spelling out theological beliefs. Humans are ___________ ___________________ _____________ and either choose evil or good in their path of life. God will ________________ those who observe His commandments and _______________those who __________________________ __________________________ them God _______________ the _____________ _______________ to be in a unique covenant with God (this belief carries into Christianity) There will be a ____________________ __________________ (Mashiach ),a king who will rule the Jewish people independently and according to Jewish law Facts ___________________ is a one- or two-day festival that marks the _____________________ of the _________ ____________ in the Jewish calendar. _______________________, or Pesach, lasts for ____________ of _________________ days and recalls the ____________________ of the Jews ____________ __________________, where they had been enslaved. __________________ is a Jewish holiday which usually falls in November or December. Hanukah commemorates the ___________________________ of the Second Temple in ________________. Often called the ________________________________, the holiday is celebrated with the lighting of the ________________, traditional foods, games and gifts. _______________________: Yom Kippur, the __________ of ______________, is the ___________ ______ of the Jewish calendar, a day marked by fasting and prayer. Judaism is the religion of more than _____________________ people throughout the world. A ____________________ is a Jewish house of worship. It is usually built so that the congregation faces toward ______________________ during worship. A _______________, or “teacher,” leads prayers and reads passages of the Hebrew Bible, or Torah, during the service. Dietary laws have established what is ______________, or acceptable, for Jews to eat. Kosher laws forbid the eating of _________________ ____________________ ___________________. These animals include pigs and shellfish. Jerusalem is the ___________ ______________ Leader: Rabbi Key Terms __________________________________ and _________________________ are Jewish coming of age rituals. ◦ According to Jewish law, when Jewish children reach ____ years of age, they become ___________________ for their ________________, and "become a Bar or Bat Mitzvah _______________: ◦ First five books of the bible or the “_______________________________” ◦ Genesis, Exodus, Leviticus, Numbers, and Deuteronomy _______________: ◦ The Torah ("Teaching", also known as the Five Books of Moses), Nevi'im ("Prophets") and Ketuvim ("Writings")—hence TaNaKh _______________________: ◦ ________________ _________ of mainstream Judaism. ◦ It takes the form of a record of rabbinic discussions pertaining to Jewish law, ethics, philosophy, customs and history. Symbols _______________________ ◦ One of the _______________ _______________ of the Jewish faith is the menorah, a ______________________________ candelabrum used in the Temple ◦ It has been said that the menorah is a symbol of the ____________ of ______________ and our mission to be "a light unto the nations." Yarmulke (_____________________) ◦ The most commonly known and recognized piece of Jewish garb is actually the one with the ____________ _________________________ _____________________ ◦ It is an ancient practice for Jews to cover their heads during prayer ___________________________________ ◦ symbol most commonly associated with Judaism today, but it is actually a relatively ______ Jewish symbol ◦ represents the shape of ____________ _________________ _________________ ◦ some note that the top triangle strives upward, toward God, while the lower triangle strives downward, toward the real world. Some note that the intertwining makes the triangles inseparable, like the Jewish people. Some say that the three sides represent the three types of Jews: Kohanim, Levites and Israel.