Paleolithic and Neolithic

Paleolithic and Neolithic
Unit 1
• Practice walking in, picking up papers by the
door and placing your homework in the in
box before the bell rings.
Review Procedures
• Entering class
– Take today’s papers
– Sharpen pencils, etc.
– Start the Bellringer
• “On time” means in your seat working when
the bell rings
• Leaving the room
– Bathroom/water/nurse ask before leaving.
• Wait till all instructions have been given.
• Interrupt class for emergencies
– End of class: clean up supplies, move desks to
where they belong, wait for teacher to dismiss you
Day 2
1. Bellringer
2. Stations
Station 1: Time and Timelines
Station 2: Charts and Graphs
Station 3: Textbook scavenger hunt
Station 4: Vocabulary Words m(1-18)/ Maps
3. Review
4. Begin on Homework
Skills Objectives
Students will be able to…
1. Identify and locate key features of the
S textbook.
2. Take effective notes from textbook
S readings.
You break it (or lose it), you bought it!
Make sure your name is in it
Make sure my name is in it
Make sure the Textbook List is filled out
completely and legibly
Stations Directions
• You will have 15 minutes at each station
• Complete packet located in each folder
• You may work in pairs within your group NO
MORE than 3 per group
• When time is up pass folder to the next group
Stations Review
Station 1: Time and Timelines
Station 2: Charts and Graphs
Station 3: Textbook scavenger hunt
Station 4: Vocabulary Words/ Maps
Objective #1
• Prehistory – the time in human history before
What this? This help you
the invention of writing identify which objective this
slide is related to!
• What sources can we use to understand the
“prehistoric” world?
With definition!
Unwritten History
1. Oral histories
2. Drawings
3. Stuff they left behind
Oral Histories
• Storytellers prized in many cultures, and
stories are passed down for generations
• Problems:
– “Whisper down the lane” effect
– Dead people don’t tell stories
• Mostly, cave paintings
– Famous pictures from Lascaux (France)
Cave Paintings
• Art is in the eye of
the beholder
– Stories?
– Actual events?
– Religious beliefs?
– Nice pictures?
– Textbooks?
• Something made by people
• Solidified remains of living things
Using Artifacts
• Some assembly required
– Like a giant puzzle with no idea what the picture
will be
• What if we use things for different purposes?
• If we know what, do we know when?
• Some things get lost
Objective #2
Studying the Past
• Archeology
• Anthropology
• The study of the human past by examining artifacts
and remains
– Excavation
– Hoping to find ancient settlements, burial sites, tools,
Carbon Dating
• A scientific test used to
analyze the age of
artifacts and fossils
• (based on the half-life
decay of Carbon-14…
ask a science teacher)
• Pretty accurate for the
last 40,000 years or so
• Study of human origins, relationships, and
– Try to determine how humans evolved (physically
and culturally)
– Archeology is a subfield of anthropology
• What is culture?
Objective #3
• Culture is a system of beliefs, values, and
assumptions about life that guide behavior
and are shared by a group of people
• Everyone has culture
• What does culture include?
• Buy a notebook. Bring by next class
• Read: Paleolithic, Mesolithic and
Neolithic Societies
– Read Directions carefully!
• Pull out the following items
– Syllabus
– Your homework
– Vocabulary words
• Grab the following (will need to share!)
– Glue
– Scissors
• Bellringer: Setting up interactive notebook
• Preview (aka: Bellringer)
• Notes
– Working with book
– Working independently
– Discussion
• Process
• Homework
• 1: Identify the characteristics of Prehistoric
man, and their migration patterns throughout
the prehistoric world
• 2: List the major advances early humans made
during the Paleolithic Era.
• 3: Describe hunter-gatherer life.
Interactive notebook
• Why:
– To help student to be organized
– Allow student to become more active with their
• Expectations
– Placing all required work in notebook
– Leaving notebook in class room
– Will use a folder to carry homework in
Notebook Set up
• On the back of the front cover:
– Syllabus
• First page
– Front: table of contents (pg1)
– Back: level of questioning (pg2)
• 2nd Page
– Front Ms. Heath’s Rule of World History (pg3)
– Back: Page one of Vocabulary words (pg 4)
• 3rd page
– Front: page two of vocabulary words (pg 5)
– Back: Preview activity (pg6)
Notebook Set up
• Glue the notes and Process on the next pages
Any Questions???
• From now on when you walk
Collect your notebook
Glue homework in
Cut and glue in Preview
I will give you directions on the notes and process
• Either in the powerpoint or after I get class started
Objective #2
Early Humans
Early Humans
• Start our story at the dawn of the Paleolithic
Era, about 2.5 million years ago
– the Old Stone Age
– Humans created the first tools made out of stone
Better than Monkeys
• Early humans developed
1. Simple stone tools
2. Control of fire
3. Oral language
• All keys to cooperating in hunts, which bring
food and resources
Wise Man
• Smarter, larger-brained humans known as
homo sapiens (Latin for “wise man”)
– Developed technology
• Clothing
• Shelter
• Art
• Homo sapiens are modern humans
Out of Africa
• Homo sapiens arose in Africa about 200,000
years ago
• Migration to all continents (except Antarctica)
beginning around 100,000 years ago
Objective #3
Hunter-gatherer Life
People Profiles
Source of Food
• Hunting
– Main source, whatever they could catch, kill, and
• Gathering
– Wild fruits, vegetables, nuts, grains, etc.
• Get it? Hunter-gatherers!
Size of Groups
• Small groups
– Clans: 60-100 people, one or a few extended
• Why?
Permanent Settlements
• No! They were nomads
• Why move?
– Follow herds
– No food left
– Seasons change
• Too cold or hot
• No water left
Location Factors
• Mainly, Paleolithic (and prehistoric) people
followed their food
– Animals migrate, so did the people
• Overpopulation (of people)
• Overconsumption (of resources in one spot)
Getting Along
Cooperation was necessary for survival
Knew everyone in their clan – all relatives
No private property – no where to put it
No fighting other groups – no one around
Finding food…just not that hard
– Have completed 10minutes after the bell
– Collect your notebook
– Cut and glue all items into notebook
– Finish Process from last class and begin working
on Preview for lesson 2
– REMEMBER the order!
Preview (can begin once completed)
homework from last night
Preview: Discussion
• Study for Test
• Will be allowed to take home your notebook
Neolithic Age
• Neolithic Age means:
– New Stone Age
• How did Neolithic Age differ from Paleolithic
– Learnt to polish tools
– Make pottery
– Grow crops and domesticated animals
Neolithic Revolution
• Shift from hunting and gathering to farming
Neolithic Revolution Cont.
• Provided a steady source of food and extra
– Causing
• Need to store food
– Causing
• Permanent Settlement
– Causing
• Population growth
– Causing
• Specialization and Organization
Early Farming Methods
• Slash and burn faming
• Cut tree or grass and burnt
them to clear a field
• Ashes fertilized the soil
• Domesticationīƒ  taming of
• Happened slowly
• Human being to control
some animals lives
Where did it happen?
• First seen in the fertile crescent
• Later in river valleys
Example of Neolithic Activity
• Stonehenge
– Started during the
Neolithic Age and
completed during the
bronze Age
• Aleppo
– Ancient City which
was a regional trading
• Study Guide