1. The Nature, Impact, and Issue of Information Technology 1.3 Impacts of IT on people and society Health and Safety Issues Through telemedicine, healthcare providers and researchers could share medical images, patient records, and research and perform long-distance patient examinations. Interactive, multimedia materials directed to the public would outline healthcare options. Telemedicine access to medical care for consumers and health professionals via telecommunications technology E.g. American Telemedicine Association (ATA) http://www.atmeda.org Ergonomics http://ergonomics.ucla.edu/ Employment Structure Over Time The use of computer in so many aspects of life has created thousands of new jobs. At the same time, some jobs have been taken away by computers Jobs created Internet Service Provider Internet Content Provider IT Instructor School technical support service (TSS) Web page designer … Jobs are taken away Bank service Phone answering Irrigation … Needs for Training and Retraining Due to the rapid changes in technology, companies offer re-training programs for their employees (Employee Retraining Board, http://www.erb.org/english/index3.html) Schools provide new courses for their students. (e.g. this subject) Many IT training courses are available in the market. (e.g. Unisoft, http://www.unisoftnet.com/unisoft/index.htm) Education in primary and secondary schools The government has put in a large amount of resources for IT in education (ED2 & ED3). Each school will have more computers linked by a Local Area Network. All the teachers will be trained to use IT tools in teaching (BIT, IIT, UIT & AIT) Students are expected to have capabilities to process information effectively and efficiently. Courses offered by tertiary institutes Universities offer formal education and certification or degree programs in computer information systems, computer science, and computer engineering. Vocational Training Council Professional IT training for non-IT graduate and certification or diploma programs in computing studies and information system. http://www.vtc.edu.hk/prospectus/engli sh/f5/full/disciplines/comput/index.htm Assignment Students are required to prepare a list of IT career from the advertisements on the newspaper or career websites. The list should include the following aspects: – Job title and job nature. – Skills required. – Relevant courses provided by universities or colleges. Ethical, Moral, Social, and Environmental Issues Information explosion – The rapid development of the Internet facilitates information exchanges and freedom of expressions. – People can gain various kinds of knowledge faster and more convenient. Ethical, Moral, Social, and Environmental Issues – However, its use has also been abused by people who post obscene materials or immoral information. – Use information for purposes that are not originally claimed for. – Keep information while that is no longer used for the purposes originally claimed. Ethical, Moral, Social, and Environmental Issues Mail bomb – A mail bomb is the sending of a massive amount of electronic mail to a specific person or system. – A huge amount of mail may simply fill up the recipient's disk space on the server or, in some cases, may be too much for a server to handle and may cause the server to stop functioning. Ethical, Moral, Social, and Environmental Issues System Hacking – Illegally access to other computer systems for either deliberate destruction or fun. Virus Wide-spread – Disseminate virus program via the Internet or network systems.