Strand D: Earth & Space Science: Climate Change REVIEW for UNIT TEST ANSWER KEY: 1. A 2. C 3. A 4. B 5. B 6. B 7. C 8. C 9. A 10. C 11. D 12. C 13. B 14. D 15. D 16. D 17. B 18. D 19. E 20. K 21. F 22. L 23. J 24. A 25. G 26. B 27. H 28. C 29. I 30. D 31. F 32. T 33. T 34. F 35. T 36. F 37. T 38. F 39. T 40. F 41. It is not possible because there are too many factors to consider. Greenhouse Gases in the atmosphere are already high and we would not be able to reduce what is already in the air that quickly. 42. Example Sentence: Today the Earth’s climate is changing due to the anthropogenic greenhouse gases humans are responsible for producing. 43. Greenhouse gases act as a “energy trap” by blocking the radiated heat from the surface of the earth from escaping back into space. The atmosphere, as a result is warming and more greenhouse gases are trapped and as more greenhouse gases are being produced. 44. Proxy Records: are preserved physical characteristics of the past that stand in for direct measurements to enable scientists to reconstruct the climatic conditions that prevailed during much of the Earth's history. Examples: a. Ice Cores: bubbles of CO2 from ice core samples are trapped in the ice from year past. Measurements of this gas can be used to determine how hot/cold the temperature was during that year or specific layer. b. Tree Rings: Bigger the ring, the better the growing conditions (warmer, more rain) c. Caves/Reefs: species of life and fossils indicate how life has changed based on the temperature of the past and present. 45. Other animal species affected: Ex. Pizzly Bear/Grolar Bear, other species of birds landing in Arctic, difference in marine life…etc. 46. Calculate using the Q=mc (delta T) formula 47. Meteorologist: A person who gathers this data and uses it to predict and share the forecast of upcoming weather. Climatologist: Scientists who studies the climate of any region. 48. Precipitation: is water that falls from the sky to the ground. Four forms: snow, sleet, hail, rain. 49. (a) Calculate using Relative Humidity Formula (RH = actual/maximum x 100). (b). 100% RH, shower mirror and room would show the formation of water droplets caused by what we refer to as the dew point. The air in the bathroom is completely saturated.