Content Standard 2: The student will analyze the expanding role of the United States in international affairs as America was transformed into a world power in the late 19th and early 20th Centuries – 1890-1920 By: Becky Rampey Imperialism • The act of extending one country’s influence into another territory. – “influence” can be political, economic, military, or cultural. – Often includes the idea of establishing colonies. – Policy by which one country takes control of another either directly or through economic or political dominance. Up to the late 1800’s George Washington – “Stay out of the affairs of Europe” James Monroe – “We don’t want your influence in our part of the world” • Monroe Doctrine – You stay out of our area and we will stay out of yours!! (Division of Eastern and Western Hemisphere) • Roosevelt Corollary – Expansion of Monroe = US has the right to intervene in Latin America to preserve law and order!! • Manifest Destiny – Responsibility of US to civilize & take democracy to the rest of the world. Why Imperialism • Economic – New Raw Materials, New Markets to sell manufactured goods. • Religious Evangelism – spread ideology to “unreached” people. • Growing Navy – Fueling stations – Mahan (The Influence of Sea Power Upon History), The GREAT WHITE FLEET • Global Empire = POWER • Conformity – Other Countries are doing it. • White Man’s Burden – Poem – US Moral obligation to “civilize and help lesser peoples” Actions that Make us a World Power • Spanish / American War – 1898 – US goes to war against Spain over Cuba. In the end gain control of Guam, Philippines, and Puerto Rico – Major influence in Cuba – USS MAINE – Remember the Maine – Yellow Journalism – Exaggerated Newspaper publishing. Major Cause of the War. • Open Door Policy – Equal access to trade in all parts of China – forces that big imperialist countries to recognize us. • Panama Canal – Help with Revolution against Columbia – to ensure access to build the Canal. Gives us access to move our ships around the world quickly. • Other Territories – Samoa and Hawaii – Banana Republics – US Businesses often grew rich by exploiting cheap, foreign labor and stripping poorer nations of valuable resources – US fruit companies among most powerful – thus the name! • Anti-Imperialist League – Those who believed the US should not be involved in any other countries! Presidents and Imperialism • Big Stick Diplomacy – Theodore Roosevelt – “Speak softly, but carry a big stick” Isolationism = Speak Softly – Imperialism = “Carry a Big Stick” – be ready to protect / take what is yours!! • Dollar Diplomacy – William Howard Taft – trade bullets for Dollars – start investing money in these countries rather than military. • Missionary/Moral Diplomacy – Woodrow Wilson – Goal to set up Christian Democracy throughout Latin America. Causes: Militarism Alliances Imperialism Nationalism WWI • Neutrality – U.S. position – not to take a side – but sell supplies to Britain which looks like we took a sign. • Unrestricted Sub-Marine Warfare – German attacks on Neutral ships really upsets the US. • Zimmerman Note – Germany asks Mexico to attack US – President Wilson announces “Neutrality is no longer feasible” • America Goes to War – – Draft – start calling up men between 18-26 to serve in the armed forces. • Our guys – Unprepared! – Wartime Industry – Government takes control of industries that effect the war. – Women go to work. • Wilson’s Peace – – Fourteen Points – Wilson’s plan for creating a lasting peace for the world. – League of Nations – Peace organization that would include all countries – goal to keep war from happening again. US congress refuses to join. US After the WAR • Isolationism – US returns to idea of keeping to themselves and not worrying about the rest of the world. • 1st Red Scare – In years following the war, Americans became very suspicious and afraid of anyone who might have communist or socialist ties.