Chapter 16 psychological disorders Learning Objectives- 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10 and 11 Read pgs. 639-669 Psychological Disorders Deviant, distressful, and dysfunctional behavior patterns. Standards for deviant behavior vary by culture, context, and time. Medical Model- Philippe Pinel Biopsychosocial Approach- genetics, psychological influences, and social-cultural circumstances The Diagnostic Statistical Manual Anxiety Disorders Generalized Anxiety Disorder- always tense Panic Disorder- feels like a heart attack Phobias- focused anxiety Which 10 phobias do people fear most? Fear of cancer Cats Hell Drowning Reptiles Numbers The number 13 Fear of snakes Tornadoes and hurricanes Being bound or tied up Fire Heights Public speaking Being buried alive Other interesting phobias Anthophobia-fear of flowers Phonophobia-speaking aloud Trichophboia-hair Dementophobia-insanity Uxoriphobia-ones wife Santa Claustrophobia- getting stuck in a chimney Hippopotomonstrosesquipedaliophobia- long words Anxiety disorders Obsessive Compulsive Disorder A young woman is continuously terrified by the thought that cars might careen onto the sidewalk and run her over. She always walks as far from the street pavement as possible and always wears red clothing to be visible immediately to an out-of-control car. A mother is tormented by the concern that she might inadvertently contaminate food as she cooks for her family. Everyday she sterilizes all cooking utensils in boiling water, scours every pot and pan before placing food in it, and wears rubber gloves while handling the food. Anxiety Disorders Post Traumatic Stress Disorder Survivor resiliency- symptoms subside • Post Traumatic Growth- become a better person http://video.pbs.org/video/1218724990/# • Explaining Anxiety Disorders Learning Perspective Biological Perspective Fear Conditioning Natural Selection Stimulus Generalization Genes Reinforcement The Brain Observational Learning Active brain scan of female with PTSD.