Careers in Interior Design Construction and Urban Design

Interior Design
The Three E’s
State of Texas Architecture & Construction Career Cluster
Course: Principles of Architecture and Construction
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Why should interior designers be required to
get a license
to practice design?
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• Interior Designers create:
“Built Environments”
The combination of art and science in creating functional human
built spaces.
• Qualified designers focus on
– protecting and enhancing the life, health, safety and
welfare of the public.
• Requirements for license:
– Education, Experience, Examination
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Importance of the 3 “E”
26 states in
the US
require that
be licensed.
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Post-secondary education is required.
What education is needed depends on the state that you want to
be licensed in.
Most states require that the school be
accredited by:
Council for Interior Design Accreditation
(The National Association of Schools of Art & Design - NASAD )
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• After completing their education, graduates
will need to gain work experience.
• Apprenticeship
– Work under the supervision of an experienced
– Wide variety of opportunities for work experience
– Years required varies depending on state
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3rd Stop = Examination
• Testing requirements
– Combination of Education and Experience is required prior to
• Minimum of 2 yrs post-secondary education (or)
• Maximum of 4 yrs post-secondary education with
2 to 5 yrs of experience
• Giving you a Total of 6 to 7 years
• NCIDQ Exam
– National exam administered by
The National Council for
Interior Design Qualification.
– Passing score with education and experience = License.
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Texas Fact
Sheet on
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Type of Act: Title Act
Title: "Interior Designer"
Post-HS Education and Experience
Minimum Education:
2 years
Total Education Plus Experience:
6 years
Careers in Architecture &
Construction Manager
Copyright Texas Education Agency (TEA)
Construction Manager
• Construction Managers are a professional
management practice consisting of an
array of services applied to construction
• They are involved in the planning, design,
construction and post construction phases
of a project
• They have a purpose of achieving project
objectives including the management of
quality, cost, time and scope
• They basically oversee everything that is
involved with the construction of a project
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What do they do?
• CMs plan, direct, coordinate, and budget a wide
variety of construction projects
• Some of those could be residential, commercial,
and industrial structures, roads, bridges, schools
and hospitals
• CMs may supervise an entire project or just part
• They schedule and coordinate all design and
construction processes, including the selection,
hiring, and oversight of specialty trade contractors,
such as carpentry, plumbing, or electrical
• They usually do not do any actual construction
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• On the average, salaries for a construction
manager can range from 50K to 100K+
• Most of these salaries depend on
experience, education and project sizes
• A CM working on the newest football
stadium would make more money than a
CM building a Taco Bell
• This can be a very lucrative profession, but
also calls for a lot of knowledge and
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• To become a CM, you need a
bachelor's degree in
construction science,
construction management, or
building science
• There are other routes, even
with just an associate degree or
possibly through work
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• Many CMs started out as a carpenter, intern or
electrician, some with no formal schooling or
• As they learned how buildings were put together
and the roles of different professions, they were
able to move up in their positions
• Experience plays a large role in the CMs job. It is
one thing to read or study techniques and another
to have performed them
• This is one path to becoming a CM, but a long and
not guaranteed one
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Principles of Architecture and
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What Is An Urban Designer?
• There is no set definition
– No professional body decides what constitutes an Urban
– Courses and content vary from college to college
– No set body of knowledge
• Broad body of knowledge
– How planning systems work
– How to conserve buildings, landscape and resources
– How to involve people and communicate with developers,
city officials, land owners and citizens
– How to write policy
– How to use computers
– Plus many more skills and knowledge
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What Is An Urban Designer?
• What is the job like?
– Planners work with cities, land owners, citizens and developers
– Planners solve both vehicle and pedestrian traffic problems
• Plan where cars should go and park
• Plan how pedestrians get from place to place
– Planners plan to save the environment
• uses sustainable design
• uses green technologies.
– Urban planners know where everything is
• People, streets, highways, water, sewers, libraries, museums, stores
– Planners listen, gather information, develop plans, estimate costs and
explain their plans
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What Is An Urban Designer?
• How Do I Get ready?
– College is a must
• Bachelor’s degree needed for apprentice job
• Master’s degree required by most full-time employers
– Work with an urban planning firm
• Gain experience
• Learn from professionals
– Learn how to use the computer effectively
– Take additional courses in computers and statistics
– Study how to write and speak effectively
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What Is An Urban Designer?
• How much does the job pay?
– 2008 average salary was $62,400 annually
• How many jobs are there?
– There were about 38,400 urban planners in 2008
• What about the future?
– Number of jobs expected to rapidly increase
through 2018
– Most jobs will be in rapidly expanding
• What are some related jobs?
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