AP Literature Terms 81-100 1. Zeugma: a figure of speech in which a word is used to modify or govern two or more words although appropriate to only one of them or making a different sense with each 2. Voice: Style in which words are represented. Your voice is what gives your writing personality, flavor and style. 3. Vernacular: The everyday or common language of a geographic area or the native language of commoners in a country 4. Verisimilitude: The quality of the text that reflects the truth of actual experience; the appearance of being true or real 5. Trope: An artful variation from the expected modes of expression of thoughts and ideas; a word, phrase, or image used in a new and different way in order to create an artistic effect 6. Tautology: A group of words that merely repeats the meaning already conveyed; needless repetition of an idea using different words. 7. Stream of Consciousness: A literary technique that presents the thoughts and feelings of a character as they occur. 8. Retrospective: Mindful of the past; contemplative of past situations, events, etc. Many narratives are retrospective. 9. Ballad Meter: a four-line stanza rhymed abcd with four feet in lines one and three and three feet in lines two and four. 10. Blank Verse: unrhymed iambic pentameter. 11. Cacophony: a harsh, unpleasant combination of sounds or tones. 12. Caesura: a pause, usually near the middle of a line of verse, usually indicated by the sense of the line, and often greater than the normal pause. 13. End-stopped: a line with a pause at the end. Lines that end with a period, a comma, a colon, a semicolon, an exclamation point, or a question mark are end-stopped lines. 14. Enjambment: the continuation of the sense and grammatical construction from one line of poetry to the next. 15. Euphony: a style in which combinations of words pleasant to the ear predominate. Its opposite is cacophony. 16. Eye Rhyme: rhyme that appears correct from spelling, but is half-rhyme or slant rhyme from the pronunciation. 17. Feminine Rhyme: a rhyme of two syllables, one stressed and one unstressed, as “waken” and “forsaken” and “audition” and “rendition.” Feminine rhyme is sometimes called double rhyme. 18. Heroic Couplet: two end-stopped iambic pentameter lines rhymed aa, bb, cc with the thought usually completed in the two-line unit. 19. Masculine Rhyme: rhyme that falls on the stressed and concluding syllables of the rhymewords. Examples include “keep” and “sleep,” “glow” and “no,” and “spell” and “impel. 20. Motif: A usually recurring salient thematic element, especially a dominant idea or central theme.