Gilmanton School 8Th Grade Social Studies World War II Unit Chapter 12 Section 5 Follow-Up Questions Name_______________________________________________ ______________ Date________________________________ Directions: Work with your partners and classmates to address each of the questions in this packet fully and thoroughly. Leave the final question for the end and address it on your own. 1. How did physical geography affect US military strategy on the Pacific front in the war? Two challenges: First, attacking islands is very difficult and required many men using new technology such as vehicles that were amphibious as well as went on land. Second, logistically, it was extremely challenging to conduct the island hopping strategy which required moving troops, equipment, and supplies across the Pacific Ocean. 2. Why do you think Japan struck American airfields in the Philippines and on the islands of Guam and Wake on the same day as the attack on Pearl Harbor? The goal of the Japanese was to disable American naval and air power in the Pacific limiting the United State’s ability to participate in the war. 3. After the attacks on Pearl Harbor, what was the first battle fought that is shown on the map on page 388? Guam provided bases for launching bombing attacks on what nearby islands? The first battle after Pearl Harbor is the Battle of the Coral Sea (May 4-8, 1942). Guam provided bases for attacks on the Philippines, Iwo Jima, and Okinawa. 4. Why has the image on page 389 become a symbol of courage and patriotism? Courage- Defeated Japan in the intensely fierce fighting of Iwo Jima, showed teamwork in the face of a difficult situation Patriotism- The soldiers are raising the American flag to show victory in the battle and that they have captured the island 5. What is significant about the Battle of Midway? The US navy destroyed 4 Japanese aircraft carriers along with many other ships and planes – after this defeat, Japan could no longer attempt to expand their sphere of influence across the Pacific Ocean and instead could basically only defend islands and territory already captured. 6. Based on the map on page 388, what strategic importance does the map show for Iwo Jima and Okinawa? Iwo Jima and Okinawa were proximate enough to Japan to allow bombing raids directly on Japanese cities including Tokyo, and eventually Hiroshima and Nagasaki. 7. Why did the US use the atomic bomb against Japan? 8. What evidence is presented that shows that the Manhattan Project was top secret? 9. What was the central issue that Truman had to consider in determining whether to use the atomic bomb? 10. What was the goal of the Manhattan Project? 11. What was the strategy of Island Hopping and what was its purpose? 12. What was significant about the cost of WWII? 13. Essential Question: What was the turning point in the war in the Pacific, what led up to it?