Ch. 27, Section 3 Notes

Ch. 27, Section 3
“The Nation Prospers”
Baby Boom
• It is a significant
increase in the
number of babies
• It took place in
the years
following World
War II
• As people were
better off after
the war, more
got married and
started families
Sun Belt
• the Sun Belt is the
nickname for
southern and
western states
• Starting in the 1950s
many workers and
businesses moved
• They were attracted
by the warm weather
and low taxes in the
Highway Act
of 1956
• Law passed by Pres.
Eisenhower built over
40,000 miles of interstate
freeways at $25 billion for
defense purposes
• It was the largest public
works project of all time
• People traveled more
• Shopping malls, gas
stations, restaurants, and
other businesses were
built along these roads
• People could live further
from work
• Suburbs grew
• William Levitt built one of
the nation’s first
preplanned suburbs on
Long Island, NY
• Between 1946 and 1951 he
built 17,000 low-priced,
mass-produced homes
• They were simple and
• Builders across the nation
copied this method
• By 1970 more people lived
in suburbs than in cities
Life in the
• People moving from
apartments in the cities
– having a home with a
driveway for their car
– having a yard for kids to
play in
– being near nice schools
• People used their
newfound wealth to buy
consumer products
in the Cities
• “white flight” – white,
middle and upper class
people left the cities
and moved to suburbs
• Cities were left with
less tax income, but
still needed to pay for
city services like police
and fire protection,
garbage collection,
road repairs, park
maintenance, etc.
in the 1950s
• Shopping
• Drive-in
• Fast-food
• Television
• Rock’n’Roll
• 90% of families owned a TV
• On average, Americans
watched 6 hours of TV a day
• Popular shows included: Lone
Ranger, Texaco Star Theater, I
Love Lucy, Dragnet, Your Show
of Shows, Ed Sullivan Show,
and Gunsmoke
Charlie Parker
Dizzy Gillespie
• Bebop or bop is a style of
jazz characterized by fast
tempo, instrumental
virtuosity and
improvisation based on
the combination of
harmonic structure and
• It was developed in the
early and mid-1940s after
World War II
• This style of jazz ultimately
became synonymous with
modern jazz
• The biggest Bebop stars
were Charlie Parker and
Dizzy Gillespie
• a genre of popular music
that originated and evolved
during the late 1940s and
early 1950s, primarily from
a combination of African
American blues, country,
jazz, and gospel music.
• In the earliest rock and roll
styles either the piano or
saxophone was often the
lead instrument
• These were generally
replaced or supplemented
by guitar in the middle to
late 1950s
• The biggest Rock’n’Roll
stars were Buddy Holly,
Chuck Berry, and Little
Richard, and Elvis Presley
Women in the
• Women could only find
work in a limited
number of fields
• There pay was also
lower than that of men
• They were often fired
when they became
married or pregnant
• Popular culture
portrayed the woman’s
place in the home
raising a family
Culture Wars:
Teenagers v. Adults
• Teenagers liked to
listen to rock’n’roll,
dance, go to drive-in
movies and watch a lot
of TV
• Adults thought the
morals of teenagers
were eroding, and were
caught up in the
conformity and
consumerism of the