Globally Harmonised System (GHS) for Classification and Labelling of Chemicals Glenn Eckardt (DET Senior OHS Policy Advisor) December 3rd, 2015 Introduction • • • • • • What is the Globally Harmonised System? What about the law? Hazard Classification Labelling Safety Data Sheets Placarding Quantities/Storage What is the GHS? GHS The GHS is a single internationally agreed system of chemical classification and hazard communication through labelling and Safety Data Sheets (SDS). GHS Implementation – Worldwide Map 72 Countries have Implemented the GHS What about the law in Australia? Jurisdiction Introduced to Parliament Passed Implementation Date Commonwealth - Work Health & Safety Act 2011 - Work Health & Safety Regulations 2011 6 July 2011 7 December 2011 24 November 2011 14 December 2011 1 January 2012 1 January 2012 Australian Capital Territory - Work Health & Safety Act 2011 - Work Health & Safety Regulations 2011 23 June 2011 20 September 2011 19 December 2011 1 January 2012 1 January 2012 New South Wales - Work Health & Safety Act 2011 - Work Health & Safety Regulations 2011 5 May 2011 27 May 2011 16 December 2011 1 January 2012 1 January 2012 Northern Territory - Work Health & Safety Act 2011 - Work Health & Safety Regulations 2011 27 October 2011 1 December 2011 30 December 2011 1 January 2012 1 January 2012 10 May 2011 24 November 2011 26 May 2011 29 November 2011 1 January 2012 1 January 2012 19 May 2011 1 November 2012 1 November 2012 1 January 2013 1 January 2013 18 October 2011 13 March 2012 1 January 2013 Western Australia - Work Health and Safety Bill 2014 23 October 2014 Not yet passed Victoria The Victorian Government announced it will not introduce harmonised laws. Queensland - Work Health & Safety Act 2011 - Work Health & Safety Regulations 2011 South Australia - Work Health & Safety Act 2012 - Work Health & Safety Regulations 2012 Tasmania - Work Health & Safety Act 2012 Victoria's Occupational Health and Safety Regulations 2007 will expire in June 2017, ten years after they were made. WorkSafe is currently undertaking work to review and make new regulations by this date. Comparison of legislative requirements Jurisdiction National Legislation Model WHS Regulations 2011 OHS Regulations 2007 – Part 4.1 Dangerous Goods (Storage & Handling) Regulations 2012 Classification Hazardous Chemical Hazardous Substance Dangerous Good A substance that: 1. Is listed on the HSIS and the concentration of the substance or its ingredients equals or exceeds the concentration cut-off levels listed on the HSIS that relate to health effects; or 2. Meets the criteria for a hazardous substance set out in the Approved Criteria for Classifying Hazardous Substances; or 3. Meets the criteria for hazard classification set out in Part 3 (Health Hazards) of the GHS; The manufacturer or first supplier must ensure that the Dangerous Goods are: 1. Assigned the appropriate Class, subsidiary risk and Packing Group; or 2. Classified into a hazard class in accordance with the GHS. Definition A substance, mixture or article that satisfies the criteria for a hazard class in the GHS Victoria Note: Inner packaging may be labelled in accordance with either the ADG Code or GHS GHS – Transitional Arrangement • There will be a 5 year transitional period for moving to the new GHS-based system, which will allow for the two systems to be used concurrently by industry. • Workplace chemicals will not need to be re-classified or relabelled immediately. During the 5 year transition period, manufacturers may use either the GHS for classification, labelling and SDS, or the previous hazardous substances and dangerous goods classification systems. • After 31 December 2016, at the end of the 5 year period, all workplace chemicals must be classified according to the GHS and labels and SDS must be updated. GHS Hazard Classifications GHS Hazard Classifications • Physical hazards Dangerous Goods - immediate physical or chemical effects, such as fire, explosion, corrosion and poisoning, affecting property, the environment or people • Health hazards Hazardous Substances – immediate or long term adverse health effects GHS Classification – Physical Hazards DG Class (equivalent) Hazard Classes Categories/Divisions/Types Unstable Div 1.1 Flammable gases 1 2 Division 2.1 Flammable aerosols 1 2 Division 2.2/ Sub – Risk 5.1 Class 2 Oxidising gases 1 Division 1 Explosives Division 2.1 Div1.2 Div1.3 Div1.4 Div1.5 Div1.6 3 4 Type C Type D Type E Type F Type G Type D Type E Type F Type F Gases under pressure - Compressed gas 1 - Liquefied gas 1 - Refrigerated liquefied gas 1 - Dissolved gas 1 Class 3 Flammable liquids 1 2 Division 4.1 Flammable solids 1 2 Division 4.1 Self reactive substances & mixtures Type A Type B Division 4.2 Pyrophoric liquids 1 Division 4.2 Pyrophoric solids 1 Division 4.2 Self-heating substances or mixtures 1 2 Division 4.3 Substances or mixtures which in contact with water emit flammable gases 1 2 3 Division 5.1 Oxidising liquids 1 2 3 Division 5.1 Oxidising solids 1 2 3 Division 5.2 Organic peroxides Type A Type B Type C Class 8 Corrosive to metals 1 Note: Categories highlighted in yellow are not classified as hazardous chemicals under the WHS Regulations Comparison between current DG & GHS Classifications Hazard Category 1 Criteria Flash Point < 230C & initial boiling point ≤ 350C Hazard Communication Elements Signal Word Hazard Statement 2 Flash Point < 230C & initial boiling point > 350C Flash Point ≥ 230C & ≤ 600C Flash Point > 600C & ≤ 930C Danger Highly flammable liquid & vapour Signal Word Hazard Statement 4 Extremely flammable liquid & vapour Signal Word Hazard Statement 3 Danger Warning Flammable Liquid & vapour Signal Word Warning Hazard Statement Combustible liquid Risk Phrases R12 – Extremely Flammable R11 – Highly Flammable R10 - Flammable GHS Classification – Health Hazards Hazard Classes Categories Acute toxicity 1 2 3 4 5 Skin corrosion/irritation 1A 1B 1C 2 3 Serious eye damage/eye irritation 1 2 2A 2B Respiratory or skin sensitisation 1 1A 1B Germ cell mutagenicity 1A 1B 2 Carcinogenicity 1A 1B 2 Reproductive toxicity 1A 1B 2 Specific target organ toxicity – Single exposure 1 2 3 Specific target organ toxicity – Repeated exposure 1 2 Aspiration hazard 1 2 Lactation Note: Categories highlighted in yellow are not classified as hazardous chemicals under the WHS Regulations Comparison between current HS & GHS Classifications Name Sodium Hydroxide HSIS Classification & Risk Phrase GHS Classification & Hazard Statement Conc ≥ 5%, C - Corrosive, R35 – Causes severe burns Skin Corrosion 1A, H314 – Causes severe skin burns & eye damage 2% ≤ Conc < 5%, C - Corrosive, R34 – Causes burns Skin Corrosion 1B, H314 – Causes severe skin burns & eye damage 0.5% ≤ Conc ≤ 2%, Xi – Irritant, R36/38 – Irritating to eyes and skin Eye irritation 2A, Skin irritation 2, H319 - Causes serious eye irritation, H315 - Causes skin irritation References for Classification Guidance on the Classification of Hazardous Chemicals under the WHS Regulations – • Appendix C, Table 2 – Comparison of ADG Code and GHS classes and categories • Appendix D, Table 3 - Comparison of Approved Criteria and GHS classification http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/swa/about/publications/pages/guidance-classification-whs-regulations GHS Hazardous Chemical Information List http://hsis.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/Documents/DownloadFile/GHS%20Hazardous%20Chemical%20Information%20List%20(Se arch%20Function).xlsm/5 GHS Labelling Requirements What are the GHS Label Elements? • Precautionary Statements: Statements describe the recommended measures that should be taken to minimise or prevent adverse effects resulting from exposure, or improper storage or handling of a hazardous chemical. The GHS categorises precautionary statements according to whether they relate to prevention, response, storage and disposal. What are the GHS Label Elements? Product name or identifier Read label before use. Keep out of reach of children Flammosol FLAMMABLE LIQUID, TOXIC N.O.S. (aliphatic hydrocarbons, toxicole) Identify hazardous ingredients UN 1992 Contains: Aliphatic hydrocarbons 95% Toxicole 5% 4L DANGER Highly flammable liquid and vapour Toxic if swallowed Causes skin irritation Pictograms Precautionary statements Name & address of company IF ON SKIN (or hair): Take off contaminated clothing and wash before re-use. In case of fire: Use powder for extinction. Rinse skin using plenty of soap and water. Keep away from sparks and open flames. – No smoking. If skin irritation occurs: Get medical advice/attention. IF SWALLOWED: Immediately call a POISON CENTRE or doctor/physician. Keep container tightly closed. Ground/bond container and receiving equipment. Rinse mouth. Use explosion-proof electrical equipment. Use only non-sparking tools. Take precautionary measures against static discharge. Store locked up in a well-ventilated place. Keep cool. Wear protective gloves and eye and face protection. Dispose of contents/container in accordance with Jurisdictional regulations. Wash hands thoroughly after handling. Refer to the Safety Data Sheet before use. Do not eat, drink or smoke when using this product. Madeup Chemical Company, , , My State. Telephone: 1300 000 000 www.madeup-chemical-company.com.au Signal word Hazard statements Telephone number GHS v DG Pictograms GHS v DG Pictograms HSIS Risk Phrases GHS Hazard Statements HSIS Safety Phrases GHS Precautionary Statements OHS Regulations 2007 - Labelling Requirements Special Labelling Situations Decanted Chemicals - Minimum Information: - Product Identifier - Hazard Pictogram or Hazard Statement 2M Sodium Hydroxide - Consider use of Chemwatch or other commercial labelling system Causes severe skin burns & eye damage Hazardous Waste Products – Minimum Information: - Product Identifier - Name, Australian address & business telephone number of Manufacturer - Hazard Pictogram and Hazard Statement Examples of product identifiers for hazardous waste products – Flammable waste Heavy metal waste GHS Safety Data Sheet Comparison SDS v MSDS Comparison (1) SDS Sections GHS SDS NOHSC MSDS 1. Product & Company Identification - GHS product identifier - Other means of identification - Recommended use and restrictions on use - Suppliers details (incl. name, address & phone no. - Emergency phone number - Product name - Other names - Recommended use 2. Hazards identification - GHS classification of the substance/mixture - GHS label elements, including precautionary statements. - Hazard symbols may be provided as a graphical reproduction of the symbols in black & white or the name of the symbol e.g. flame, skull & crossbones - Other hazards which do not result in classification or are not covered by the GHS e.g. dust explosion hazard -Hazard classification incl. a statement of overall hazardous or dangerous nature - Risk phrases - Safety phrases 3. Composition/ information on ingredients Substance - Chemical identify - Common name - CAS Number - Impurities & stabilising additives which are themselves classified & which contribute to the classification of the substance Mixture -The chemical identity & concentration or concentration ranges of all ingredients which are hazardous & are present above their cut-off ranges. - Cut-off level for reproductive toxicity, carcinogenicity & category 1 mutagenicity ≥ 0.1% - Cut-off level for all other hazard classes ≥ 1% Substance - Chemical identity of the pure substance - Common names - CAS Numbers Mixture -Chemical identity of ingredients - Proportion of ingredients - CAS Numbers of ingredients Section 2 of SDS for Sodium Hydroxide SDS v MSDS Comparison (2) SDS Sections GHS SDS NOHSC MSDS 4. First Aid Measures - Description on necessary measures, subdivided according to the different routes of exposure i.e. inhalation, skin, eye contact & ingestion - Most important symptoms/effects, acute & delayed - Indication of immediate medical attention & special treatment needed, if necessary - Description of necessary measures according to routes of exposure - Indication of medical attention & special treatment needed including description of most important symptoms, acute and delayed - Recommended use 5. Fire fighting measures - Suitable (and unsuitable) extinguishing media - Specific hazards arising from the chemical (e.g. nature of any hazardous combustion products - Special protective equipment and precautions for fire-fighters - Suitable extinguishing media - Hazards from combustion products - Special protective precautions and equipment for fire-fighters - Hazchem code 6. Accidental release measures - Personal precautions, protective equipment & emergency procedures. - Environmental precautions - Methods & materials for containment & cleaning up - Emergency procedures - Methods & materials for containment & clean up 7. Handling & storage - Precautions for safe handling - Conditions for safe storage including any incompatibilities - Precautions for safe handling. -Conditions for safe storage including any incompatibilities 8. Exposure controls/ personal protection - Control parameters (e.g. occupational exposure limit values or biological limit values - Appropriate engineering controls - Individual protection measures, such as personal protective equipment - National exposure standards - Biological limit values - Engineering controls - Personal protective equipment SDS v MSDS Comparison (3) SDS Sections GHS SDS 9. Physical & Chemical Properties - Appearance (physical state, colour, etc.) - Odour - Odour threshold - pH - Melting point/freezing point - Initial boiling point & boiling range - Flash point - Evaporation rate - Flammability - Upper/lower flammability or explosive limits - Vapour pressure - Vapour density - Relative density - Solubility - Partition co-efficient - Auto-ignition temperature - Decomposition temperature NOHSC MSDS - Appearance (colour, physical form, shape) - Odour - pH - Vapour pressure -Vapour density - Boiling point/range - Freezing/melting point - Solubility - Specific gravity Information for flammable materials, including: - Flash point & method for detecting flash - Upper & lower flammable limits in air. - Ignition temperature Additional information: -Specific heat value - Particle size - Volatile organic compound content - Evaporation rate - Viscosity - Percent volatile SDS v MSDS Comparison (4) SDS Sections GHS SDS NOHSC MSDS 10. Stability & reactivity - Chemical stability - Possibility of hazardous reactions - Conditions to avoid (e.g. static discharge, shock or vibration) - Incompatible materials - Hazardous decomposition products - Chemical stability - Conditions to avoid - Incompatible materials - Hazardous decomposition products - Hazardous reactions 11. Toxicological information Concise but complete & comprehensible description of the various toxicological effects & the available data used to identify those effects, incl.: - Information on the likely routes of exposure (e.g. inhalation, ingestion, etc) - Symptoms related to the physical, chemical & toxicological characteristics - Delayed & immediate effects & also chronic effects from short & long term exposure - Numerical measures of toxicity (such as acute toxicity estimates) - Health effects from the likely routes of exposure 12. Ecological information - Ecotoxicity (aquatic & terrestrial, where available) - Persistence & degradability - Bio-accumulative potential - Mobility in soil -Other adverse effects - Ecotoxicity - Persistence & degradability - Mobility - Environmental fate (exposure) - Bio-accumulative potential 13. Disposal considerations - Description of waste residues & information on their safe handling & methods of disposal, including any contaminated packaging. - Disposal methods and containers - Special precautions for landfill or incineration SDS v MSDS Comparison (5) SDS Sections GHS SDS NOHSC MSDS 14. Transport information - UN Number - UN Proper Shipping Name - Transport Hazard Classes - Packing Group (if applicable) - Marine pollutant (Y/N) - Special precautions which a user needs to comply with in connection with transport or conveyance either within or outside their premises - UN Number - UN Proper Shipping Name - Class & Subsidiary Risk - Packing group - Special precautions for user - Hazchem code 15. Regulatory information - Safety, health and environmental regulations specific for the product in question - The regulatory status of a material (including its ingredients) under relevant Australian health, safety and environmental legislation. - Additional national and/or international regulatory information 16. Other information - Other information including information on preparation and revision of the SDS. - Date of preparation or last revision of the MSDS - Key/legend to abbreviations and acronyms used in the MSDS - Literature references - Sources for data Section 14 of SDS for Sodium Hydroxide GHS Placarding/Segregation Requirements GHS Placarding and Segregation Requirements • Placarding requirements only apply to physical hazards classified under the GHS. • Segregation of incompatible chemicals is based on the potential for a reaction between two chemicals resulting in a fire, explosion, harmful reaction or the evolution of flammable, corrosive or toxic vapours. • Therefore, placarding and segregation requirements apply to physical hazards as classified under the GHS or Dangerous Goods under the ADG Code. • Where placarding, signage and pictograms for chemical storage areas are required, the relevant Dangerous Goods information must be displayed rather than the corresponding GHS information. Placarding and Manifest Quantities – Flammable Liquids Hazard Class Flammable Liquids Hazard Category Placard Quantity Manifest Quantity Category 1 50 L 500 L Category 2 250 L 2500 L Category 3 1000 L 10000 L Any combination of chemicals from Items 6 to 8 where none of the items exceeds the quantities in columns 4 or 5 on their own 1000 L 10000 L Category 4 10000 L 100000 L Segregation of Incompatible Chemicals References Globally Harmonised System of Classification and Labelling of Chemicals (6th ed.) http://www.unece.org/trans/danger/publi/ghs/ghs_rev06/06files_e.html Code of Practice for Labelling Workplace Hazardous Chemicals, March 2015 – http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/SWA/about/Publications/Documents/643/labelling-workplace-hazardous-chemicals.pdf Code of Practice for Preparation of SDS for Hazardous Chemicals, December 2011 http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/SWA/about/Publications/Documents/642/COP_Preparation_of_Safety_Data_Sheet_for_H azardous_Chemicals.pdf Code of Practice for Managing Risks of Hazardous Chemicals http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/swa/about/publications/pages/managing-risks-of-hazardous-chemicals-in-the-workplace GHS Hazardous Chemical Information List http://hsis.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/Documents/DownloadFile/GHS%20Hazardous%20Chemical%20Information%20List%20(Se arch%20Function).xlsm/5 Model Work Health & Safety Regulations 2011 – Chapter 7 http://www.safeworkaustralia.gov.au/sites/SWA/AboutSafeWorkAustralia/WhatWeDo/Publications/Documents/616/Model%20Work %20Health%20and%20Safety%20Regulations.pdf Summary • The GHS for classification and labelling of hazardous chemicals will formally commence on 1 January 2017; • Schools will not have to classify hazardous chemicals; • Schools will not have to re-label chemical bottles previously purchased from a supplier; • Schools will have to adopt the labelling requirements of the GHS for decanted and waste chemicals; • Chemical storage segregation requirements will remain the same; and • Continue to use labels and pictograms on chemical storage cupboards that align with DG requirements.