LA 8 Persuasive/Research Report Name_________________________ Directions: Persuasion is all around us every day. We encounter it in our interactions with others, in the media, in advertising, in political campaigning, in historical events. When speaking or writing persuasively, we should use good reasoning and evidence (facts), and consider other perspectives, to influence an audience to accept a "truth". These are the components of a good "argument". In this assignment, you will research a chosen topic about which you have developed a point of view. Be sure to give a description and background information about the topic, present your point of view clearly, address opposing views, and back up your position with research-based facts and evidence. Persuade your reader to if not agree with you, at least to understand your perspective. BIG 6 1. 2. 3. 4. 5. 6. Pick a topic and write a research question Locate the best sources of information Find the information you need within those sources Read/view/listen to information carefully and take notes Organize and present the information (write your report) Review and evaluate; prepare final copy I. Pick a topic and write a research question. The following are suggestions. You may pick one of these, or think of one on your own. Topics must be approved before you begin work. Food/Health: Advantages/disadvantages to being a vegetarian; junk food is bad/not that bad; why it is important to have a healthy diet; what school cafeterias should be serving; what is a good exercise regimen for a teenager and why. School Issues: Cell phones should/should not be restricted at school; pros/cons of genderbased education; Civil Rights issues (freedom of speech, press, religion, right to assemble, petition) at school; the importance of getting an education. Sports/Leisure: the pros/cons of athletic competition; why (pick one) is a good sport or hobby to get involved in; the advantages of learning to play a musical instrument; advantages/disadvantages to playing video games; the benefits of owning a pet; ___ is a good place to go on vacation. Political/Societal/Global Issues: Pick any social, political, or environmental position you have and defend it. For example, discuss who should be elected president in the next election and why; what should be done about illegal immigration; should the draft be reinstated or not; voting or driving age should be raised/lowered; any animal rights issues; pick a recent scientific discovery and discuss its importance; what is a good alternate source of energy and why; your thoughts about the current space program. Page 2 Topic I have chosen_______________________________________________________ Research Question Examples: Why is Florida a great place to go on vacation? or What should teenagers be doing to prepare for the jobs of the future? My research question ______________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ ________________________________________________________________________ II. Locate the best sources of information You must use at least five different sources of information in this paper. At least one must be from a non-computer source (reference book, biography, film, documentary, magazine, newspaper, interview, etc.). Sources will be listed in a Works Cited/ Bibliography page at the end of your report. You can use EasyBib to create this. Pick your sources carefully. Computer sources can be substandard in quality. Therefore, you must also complete a website evaluation for each computer source you use. See http://ckjh.cksd.wednet.edu/school/lmc/cubs/ for form. Use the following criteria: A poor source… is very difficult to understand, has a format that does not help you to find information, doesn’t answer your questions, contains incorrect information, has a one-sided viewpoint. An average source… is somewhat understandable, has a format that helps you to find information though maybe with difficulty, partially answers your questions, contains good though incomplete information, reflects a particular viewpoint but does reference other viewpoints. A good source… is easy to understand, has a format that helps you to find information quickly, answers your questions, contains complete and accurate information, and represents all points of view equally. Write down some key words/phrases that may aid you in your search for sources of information: ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ ______________________________ Page 3 III. Find the information you need within those sources Write down questions you will need to answer (see Part V below): __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ __________________________________________________________________ IV. Read/view/listen to information carefully and take notes Notes must be written by hand on forms provided (see attached; more can be obtained from Mrs. Eddington or printed from website). Be sure to write down source information for citations and Works Cited/Bibliography page. In-text citations (required for this paper) are needed for direct quotes and paraphrases. For example: "The purpose of a persuasive essay is to convince readers to accept a particular point of view on a subject." (Sebranek 126) A persuasive essay's purpose is to influence readers to accept a point of view on a subject. (Sebranek 126) *See http://owl.english.purdue.edu/owl/resource/747/02/ in CKJH library site for more examples. V. Organize and present the information (write your report) First, write an outline (form attached) to organize your research information into introduction, body, and conclusion. Then write a rough draft, making sure to provide appropriate transitions and connections to the thesis statement throughout. The following contains suggestions of information to appear in each section: A. Introduction: Name and identify the topic you've chosen. Write your thesis statement. Your thesis statement answers your research question (which reflects the purpose of this paper) with supporting statements. Example: "Florida is a great place to go on vacation because it is affordable, it offers many beautiful beaches and sites to visit, and it has unusual and fascinating wildlife to see." The introduction should also include an interesting opener such as a quote, a description or definition, or an attention-getting fact. You could give examples, or discuss its history and/or its current status, why it is an important topic currently, or any other pertinent information about it. Page 4 B. Body: The body (middle paragraphs) of your paper must address the supporting statements (arguments) you made in your thesis statement. Use a separate paragraph for each statement. Be sure to support each statement with research-based facts and information, and cite your sources. In one paragraph, you should consider and address any opposing viewpoint that might exist, and write a rebuttal to it (defend your position against the opposing position- again, with research-based facts). C. Conclusion: Reword your thesis; wrap up main points. Emphasize your strongest points. You could make a suggestion, predict the importance of this topic in the future, give some helpful recommendations, include a quote or fact; just make sure your conclusion is strong, to make a lasting impact on the reader. *Remember to include well-documented facts/evidence from texts at every step to support your position, and cite your sources. Report should be at least three typed, double-spaced pages long. VI. Review and evaluate; prepare final copy Obtain at least two evaluations of your rough draft from others (see attached form). Your rough drafts should indicate your own editing as well. Your final product must be neatly presented (in following order) with attractive cover, title page, outline, report, Works Cited/Bibliography, notes, rough draft (s), and evaluation forms. Number outline through Works Cited/Bibliography pages. Final copies of title page, outline, report, and Works cited/Bibliography can be handwritten, or typed double-spaced with a serif font size 1214. Blue or black ink must be used. In Addition: -Reports will be shared with the class in an oral presentation. See attached page. -Include at least one visual display with your report. Visual displays can include pictures, photos, examples, charts, posters, recordings, or power point presentations. Present them where appropriate. They can provide a focus for your oral presentation as well.