Writing the Research Paper Easy steps that include: Finding your sources Source cards Note cards Thesis statement Outline Works cited page In-text citations Draft Requirements Finding Your Sources Books Magazines Internet – reliable sources only .gov .edu – please do not use them without permission Encyclopedias Writing the Source Card There are basic items every source card should have: Author’s name Article title – if the source has one Title Access date – if it is an internet source Copyright date Publishing company Page numbers if the source is a magazine Month if the source is a magazine City in which the source is published Writing the Source Card cont’d. Not all source cards look alike. Some examples follow, but use an MLA style book. Find an online version of the book at: http://www.library.cornell.edu/resrch/citma nage/mla#list For a Book Auster, Paul. Twenty Days With Julian and Little Bunny by Papa. New York: New York Review Books. 2003. For a Magazine Billaman, Carol. “Nathaniel Hawthorne: ‘Revolutionizer’ of Children’s Literature.” Studies in American Fiction. 10(1982): 107-114. For the Internet: webpage only Eldred, Eric. Nathaniel Hawthorne (18041864) Home Page. Derry, N.H.: Eldritch Press, 1999. 12 Oct. 1999. <http://www.eldritchpress.org/nh/hawthorne.html> For the Internet: Article from a webpage Cornell University Library. "Introduction to Research." Cornell University Library. Cornell University, 2009. Web. 19 June 2009 <http://www.library.cornell.edu/resrch/intro>. For Encyclopedias Entry in an online encyclopedia: "Einstein, Albert." Encyclopaedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, 1999. Web. 27 Apr. 2009. Encyclopedia entry: Bergman, P. G. "Relativity." The New Encyclopaedia Britannica. 15th ed. 1987. Print. For Dictionaries Dictionary entry: "Accord." Def. 5b. The Oxford English Dictionary. 2nd ed. 1989. Print. Writing the Note Card Slug (a mini title) Source # Notes: three types paraphrase Summary Direct quote Page # Thesis Statement Write one or two sentences that will go into the first paragraph which tell what the writer wants the reader to know, think or do based on the information in the paper. Outline Using the thesis statement and the slugs from the note cards, form an outline. (I do not require sub letters under the Roman numerals.) The thesis statement will go into Roman numeral one – the introductory paragraph. The slugs will form the developing/supporting paragraphs. The conclusion of the paper should be based on the thesis statement and supporting paragraphs and should be the last Roman numeral. Works Cited Page easiest part – copy the source cards over in alphabetical order, starting with the first letter of the first word on the card. The In-text citations There are two basic types: Citation at the end. Ex: One boy imitates him by covering his face with an old black handkerchief, thereby so affrighting his playmates that the panic seized himself, and he well-nigh lost his wits by his own waggery. (Hawthorne, Complete Short Stories 35) • When the quote is four or more lines, the period goes before the parentheses. When the quote is three lines or less, it goes after the parentheses. Also, a quote of four or more lines should be indented ten spaces. Ex: One boy imitates him “his face with an old black handkerchief, thereby so affrighting his playmates that the panic seized himself, and he well-nigh lost his wits by his own waggery” (Hawthorne, Complete Short Stories 35). The quoted material is introduced with the name of the author to whom the information belongs. Ex: Ginsberg says “. . .he maintained a progressive belief in transcendentalist ideologies which stipulated that not only the child but also the parent would be transformed into a finer person through the careful consideration of child rearing practices” (17). Final Draft Requirements Research – Grades 9 -- 12 Page 1070; 526; 694; 942 (Prentice Hall Literature) Name ______________ Each section is worth 10 points. Introduction: A thesis statement is clearly expressed. Information: Factual support from a variety of credited sources is expressed clearly, concisely and accurately. Organization: The information is logically organized. Tone: The writer’s tone is confident and objective throughout the paper. Development: The writer develops the paper in an interesting way and includes many specific details. Citations: A minimum of 5 citations from a minimum of three sources are found within the text. Quoted material and paraphrased material is correctly documented using MLA parenthetical citations. Citations do not follow one after another, but they are incorporated naturally into sentences and/or paragraphs to support the student’s thesis statement. Copies of all cited materials are attached to the paper. Conclusion: The paper ends effectively. Copies: All Copies of sources used are turned in with the paper. Works Cited page: Sources are correctly written in alphabetical order. Mechanics, Grammar, Punctuation and Usage rules are correctly followed.