Poetry - Effingham County Schools

Twinkle, twinkle, little star,
How I wonder what you are!
Up above the world so high,
Like a diamond in the sky.
When the blazing sun is gone,
When he nothing shines upon,
Then you show your little light,
Twinkle, twinkle, all the night.
• a type of literature that describes ideas, feelings,
or tells a story in a specific form
• is special because it is not written in sentences and
• is written in lines and stanzas
Lines and Stanza
•A line is one group of words that
reads from left to right. It looks like
one row in a poem.
•A stanza is a group of lines (like a
paragraph in a book or story). It
may also be called a verse.
1. How many stanzas are in
this poem?
2. How many lines are in
each stanza?
Sent To My Room
I broke a dish
and mom got mad.
She sent me to my room
because she said that I was bad.
So I'm sitting here
on my canope
with my stereo
and my color tv
and my favorite doll
and my 'lectric train
and my building blocks
and my video game,
And I'm wondering what
my mother meant
when she said my room
was a punishment.
What is the purpose of
Some poems make us LAUGH.
Some poems make us THINK.
Some poems are SHORT & FUNNY.
Some poems are LONG & SERIOUS.
Some poems RHYME.
Some poems DO NOT RHYME.
Characteristics of poems:
Tell stories
Tell jokes and puns
Some have alliteration
Some do not rhyme
Sad or happy
different numbers of stanzas and lines
some have palindromes
Some do rhyme
short or long
use stanzas and lines
show many
happy, sad,
excited, mad,
of a Poem
some rhyme
some do not rhyme
Poem that tells a story:
I dreamed a dream in bed last night,
Of places most bizarre.
Of ponds of liquid lemon pie,
And ducks that played guitar.
Of perfect picture puzzle paths,
And grass of jellybeans.
Of crumpet homes and candy gnomes,
Such things I'd never seen.
Poetry that is serious…
Hope is the thing...
Hope is the thing with feathers
That perches in the soul,
And sings the tune without the
And never stops at all,
And sweetest in the gale is heard;
And sore must be the storm
That could abash the little bird
That kept so many warm.
I've heard it in the chilliest land,
And on the strangest sea;
Yet, never, in extremity,
It asked a crumb of me.
- Emily Dickinson
Poem that make us laugh:
Georgie Porgie,
pudding and pie,
Kissed the girls and
made them cry.
His bad breath drove
all the girls away.
Now he gargles twice a
Pete the Sweet Bee
There was a bee
named Sweetie Pete.
His hair was slick
he smelled so sweet.
He'd take a bath
each day at home.
Then comb his hair
with honeycomb.
•Puns are a play on words.
•They can be words that sound the same but have different spelling.
•They can also be exaggerations and make the poem funny.
“Night, night, Knight”,
said one Knight
to the other knight the other
“Night, night, Knight.”
The Hungry Little Giant
"I'm hungry! I could swallow Wales!"
the little giant cried.
"Tonight we're having Chile, dear,"
the giant's mother sighed.
"Can I please have Samoa, Mom?"
the little giant asked her.
"Just don't forget dessert," she said.
"We're having Baked Alaska."
"Tomorrow we'll eat Turkey,
there is truly nothing finer.
We'll cook it in the oven and
we'll serve it up on China."
Alliteration in poems:
•In alliteration, beginning words start with the
same consonant or vowel sounds in stressed
• The words are close together.
Example of Alliteration in poetry
Betty Botter
Betty Botter bought some butter.
"But," she said,"the butter's bitter.
If I put it in my batter,
it will make my batter bitter.
But a bit of better butter-that would make my batter better.“
So she bought a bit of butter,
better than her bitter butter.
And she put it in her batter,
and the batter was not bitter.
So 'twas better
Betty Botter bought a bit of better butter!
Alliteration continued….
Sheila Shorter sought a
Shelia sought a suitor
Sheila’s suitor sure to
suit her;
Short’s the suitor
Sheila sought!
by Michael Rosen
Palindromes in poetry:
A palindrome is a word or phrase which reads the same in both directions.
Some simple examples are:
Poem with Palindromes:
King, are you glad you are king?1
Fall leaves after leaves fall.2
Says Mom, "What do you do?" – You do
what Mom says.3
You know, I did little for you, for little did I
know you.4
First Ladies rule the State, and state the rule:
"ladies first."5
Please me by standing by me please.6
Blessed are they that believe they are
Escher, drawing hands, drew hands drawing
You can cage a swallow, can't you, but you
can't swallow a cage, can you?9
Did I say you never say "never say never"?
You say I did.10
Rhythm and Rhyme:
•Rhythm can be created by meter, rhyme, and alliteration.
•Rhythm is the pattern of beats in the syllables of the
•Rhyme is when two words sound the same at the end.
Spaghetti! Spaghetti
Spaghetti! Spaghetti!
You’re wonderful stuff,
I love you, spaghetti,
I can’t get enough.
You’re covered with sauce
And you’re sprinkled with cheese,
Spaghetti! Spaghetti!
Oh, give me some please.
Jack Prelutsky
What makes this poem rhyme?
Is there rhythm? How do you know?
• Meter is when the syllables of the words or lines are
arranged in a repeating pattern.
•When poets write in meter, they count out the number of
stressed (strong) syllables and unstressed (weak) syllables
for each line. They repeat the pattern throughout the poem.
•The number of syllables in each line of a stanza can
determine the meter.
Lets look at Meter in this poem…
Twinkle, twinkle, little star,
How I wonder what you are!
Up above the world so high,
Like a diamond in the sky.
When the blazing sun is gone,
When he nothing shines upon,
Then you show your little light,
Twinkle, twinkle, all the night.
I think my dad is Dracula.
I know that sounds insane,
but listen for a moment and
allow me to explain.
Puns? ____
We don't live in a castle,
and we never sleep in caves.
But, still, there's something weird
about the way my dad behaves.
How many stanzas? ____
I never see him go out
in the daytime when it's light.
He sleeps all day till evening,
then he leaves the house at night.
He comes home in the morning
saying, "Man, I'm really dead!"
He kisses us goodnight, and then
by sunrise he's in bed.
My mom heard my suspicion
and she said, "You're not too swift.
Your father's not a vampire.
He just works the graveyard shift."
How many lines in each stanza? ______