STRUCTURE AND FORM ACROSS GENRES POP SONG STRUCTURE (EXAMPLE - THE SCIENTIST - COLDPLAY) SONATA FORM (EXAMPLE -MOVEMENT 1 OF SYMPHONY 104 -HAYDN) Intro Verse 1 Chorus Interlude Verse 2 Chorus Instrumental Coda Introduction Exposition Development Recapitulation Coda POP SONG STRUCTURE (EXAMPLE - THE SCIENTIST - COLDPLAY) SONATA FORM (EXAMPLE -MOVEMENT 1 OF SYMPHONY 104 -HAYDN) Intro – start of the piece – introduces the style, feel, tempo, mood and key to listener Introduction – start of the piece – usually lively or dramatic, to capture the listeners attention. Verse 1 – new material, usually consists of a chord pattern, melody and lyrics. Exposition – introduces the 2 main, significant themes or tunes (known as subjects) that the rest of the piece is based on. 1st subject – normally the tune you remember the most - then modulates to dominant just in time for… 2nd subject – a new ‘tune’ – contrasts with 1st subject. Chorus – new material – usually has chord pattern related to, but not always identical to – verse 1. Usually has a new, catchy melody and often contains the song’s hook. Interlude – A short connecting passage between to sections of the song – usually instrumental. Verse 2 – usually identical chords to verse 1, but more developed - i.e. changes to melody / lyrics, different instruments etc. Chorus – same as first chorus Instrumental – usually asolo over the verse or chorus chords Coda – the ending, sometimes an instrumental to fade, or similar to intro. Development – where the composer experiments and develops material from the exposition. Usually feels ‘unsettled’ and waiting to resolve experiments with dynamics, tempo, rhythms, plays around with themes and almost always goes crazy with key signature – modulation city! Recapitulation – recap from the exposition. All the main themes and original material are revisited and made concrete in the listeners head. Coda – the ending – a nice big finish in the tonic key.