PowerPoint - Population Reference Bureau

2009
World Population Data Sheet
“As World Population Approaches 7 Billion,
the Youth Population Is More and More
Concentrated in Africa and Asia.”
PRESENTATIONS BY CARL HAUB, LINDA JACOBSEN, AND JAMES GRIBBLE
AUGUST 2009
POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU | www.prb.org
World Population Growth Is Almost Entirely
Concentrated in the World's Poorer Countries.
World Population (in Billions): 1950-2050
Source: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects, The 2008 Revision.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
The World’s Youth Population Will Become
More Concentrated in Africa and Asia.
Population Ages 15-24 by World Region: 1950 and 2050
1950
2050
Source: Carl Haub and Mary Mederios Kent, 2009 World Population Data Sheet.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
More Developed Countries Have Fewer
Young People Relative to Elderly.
Population by Age and Sex, More Developed Countries: 2009
Source: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects, The 2008 Revision.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
Less Developed Countries Have Far
More Young People Relative to Elderly.
Population by Age and Sex, Less Developed Countries: 2009
Source: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects, The 2008 Revision.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
To Slow Population Growth, Developing
Countries’ Fertility Decline Must Be Rapid.
Average Lifetime Births per Woman: 1800-2007
Sources: (United States) Ansley Coale and Melvin Zelnik (1963); and National Center for Health Statistics. (Bangladesh) United Nations;
Demographic and Health Surveys; and other surveys
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
From 1980 to Today, There Has Been Very
Little Change in Africa’s Population Under 15.
Percent of Population Under Age 15: 1980 and 2009
1980
2009
Western Africa
46
44
Middle Africa
43
45
Eastern Africa
46
44
Northern Africa
44
33
Southern Africa
42
33
India
41
32
China
32
19
Sources: Carl Haub and Douglas W. Heisler, 1980 World Population Data Sheet; and Carl Haub and Mary Mederios Kent, 2009 World
Population Data Sheet.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
Africa’s Population of 1 Billion Is Projected to
Grow Rapidly Through 2050.
Source: Carl Haub and Mary Mederios Kent, 2009 World Population Data Sheet.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
The Differences Between Developed and
Developing Countries Can Be Stark.
KEY DEMOGRAPHIC INDICATORS
CANADA
UGANDA
2009 Population
34 million
31 million
2050 Population (Projected)
42 million
96 million
Percent of Population Below Age 15
17%
49%
Percent of Population Age 65 and Older
14%
3%
Percent of Population Ages 15 to 24
13%
20%
371,000
1.4 million
1.6
6.7
1,900
110,000
78 years
50 years
Annual Births
Lifetime Births per Woman
Annual Infant Deaths
Life Expectancy at Birth
Source: Carl Haub and Mary Mederios Kent, 2009 World Population Data Sheet.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
The U.S. Has a Younger Age Structure
Than Other Developed Countries.
Population by Age and Sex, United States: 2008
Source: PRB analysis of data from U.S. Census Bureau.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
Today’s Youth Will Be in the Prime
Working Ages in 2030.
Population by Age and Sex, United States: 2030 (Projected)
Source: PRB analysis of data from U.S. Census Bureau.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
High School Dropout Rates Are Declining, but
Remain Higher Among Hispanic Youth.
Percent High School Dropouts (Ages 16-24), United States: 1972-2007
Source: Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from U.S. Census Bureau.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
College Enrollment Is Lower Among
Black and Hispanic Youth.
Enrollment and Employment Status of Persons Ages 18-24, United States: 2007
Source: PRB analysis of data from U.S. Census Bureau, 2007 American Community Survey.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
The Birth Rate Among U.S. Teenagers Is Twice
the Average for all Developed Countries.
Births per 1,000 Females Ages 15-19
Sources: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects, The 2008 Revision; and U.S. Centers for Disease Control and
Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
Birth Rates Remain Much Higher Among
Black and Hispanic Teens.
Births per 1,000 Females Ages 15-19, United States: 1989-2006
Source: PRB analysis of data from U.S. Centers for Disease Control and Prevention, National Center for Health Statistics.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
By 2030, More Than Half of all Youth Will Be
Members of a Racial or Ethnic Minority.
Percent of Youth Ages 15-24, United States: 2008, 2030, and 2050
*Non-Hispanic. Source: PRB analysis of data from U.S. Census Bureau.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
In One-Third of U.S. Counties, at Least 25
Percent of Children Live in Poverty.
Source: Population Reference Bureau, analysis of data from U.S. Census Bureau.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
The Diversity of Youth
Peru
Zambia
Mali
27.9 million
12.2 million
12.7 million
2.6 children per
woman
6.2 children per
woman
6.0 children per
woman
76% urban
37% urban
31% urban
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
Peru’s Population Structure Is
in Transition.
Population by Age and Sex, Peru: 2006
Source: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
Young Women in Peru Have Options.




Well educated.
Young marriage is
infrequent.
Few have children
as teens.
Desired family
size—2 children.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
Young Women in Peru Face Other Issues.



Teen childbearing
more common in
rural areas.
Poverty and
childbearing.
Unsafe abortion
and maternal
death.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
Zambia’s Population Structure
Is Youthful.
Population by Age and Sex, Zambia: 2006
Source: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
Young Women in Zambia Have Fewer
Opportunities.




Less access to
education.
Marriage more
frequent.
More children during
teen years.
Desired family size—
4 children.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
Young Women in Zambia Face Other
Challenges.



Physical and sexual
violence common.
Spousal abuse
accepted.
High HIV prevalence.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
Mali Has a Very Young Population.
Population by Age and Sex, Mali: 2006
Source: United Nations Population Division, World Population Prospects: The 2006 Revision.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
Being a Young Woman in Mali Is Difficult.



Marriage common
by age 15.
Early childbearing.
Desired family
size—6 children.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
Young Women in Mali Face Many
Challenges.



Low school
attendance.
Spousal abuse
accepted.
Female genital
cutting common.
© 2009 Population Reference Bureau. All rights reserved. www.prb.org
2009
World Population Data Sheet
“As World Population Approaches 7 Billion,
the Youth Population Is More and More
Concentrated in Africa and Asia.”
PRESENTATIONS BY CARL HAUB, LINDA JACOBSEN, AND JAMES GRIBBLE
AUGUST 2009
POPULATION REFERENCE BUREAU | www.prb.org