+ Poetic Terms + Rhyme repetition of sound in accented syllables that appear in similar positions in lines of poetry + Rhythm a pattern of beats in a line of poetry or in a series of lines Iambic pentameter “He jests at scars that never felt a wound.” “He JESTS at SCARS that NEVer FELT a WOUND.” + Rhyme Scheme a pattern of rhymes "I cannot go to school today," Said little Peggy Ann McKay. "I have the measles and the mumps, A gash, a rash and purple bumps. My mouth is wet, my throat is dry, I'm going blind in my right eye. My tonsils are as big as rocks, I've counted sixteen chicken pox + Figurative Language Figurative language is a word or phrase that departs from everyday literal language for the sake of comparison, emphasis, clarity, or freshness The tools used to create imagery – ex: simile, metaphor + Metaphor a figure of speech that makes a direct comparison without the use of the words “like” or “as” “He is the sun in my sky” “Time is a thief” + Simile a figure of speech that makes a direct comparison using the words “like” or “as” “His stare was as fierce as fire” “She danced like an angel” + Personification a figure of speech that gives objects or animals human characteristics “But the child is watching the teakettle’s small hard tears dance like mad on the hot black stove” – from Elizabeth Bishop’s Sestina + Imagery Formation of mental images using descriptive language Pictures I took a walk around the world to Ease my troubled mind I left my body laying somewhere In the sands of time I watched the world float to the dark Side of the moon I feel there is nothing I can do --"Kryptonite" by Three Doors Down in your mind + Alliteration the repetition of initial consonant sounds in close succession “I have stood still and stopped the sound of feet When far away an interrupted cry Came over houses from another street” - from Robert Frost’s Acquainted with the Night + Assonance repeated vowel sounds in a sequence of words or lines for special effect “From the molten-golden notes, And an in tune, What a liquid ditty floats” – from The Bells by Edgar Allan Poe + Consonance repetition of the same consonant two or more times in short succession “pitter patter” “all mammals named Sam are clammy” + Allusion a reference to a literary or historic person or subject “She has the same views as Diana, the moon goddess.” Taken from the modern text of Romeo and Juliet + Hyperbole an extreme exaggeration in a statement or figure of speech “Her head was the size of the world!” “I am so hungry I could eat a horse” + Onomatopoeia the use of words that sound like their meaning Munch Ooze Sizzle! Bang Zip + Repetition saying a line or word over and over again “Mother I need mother I need mother I need your blackness now as the august earth needs rain.” - take from Audre Lorde’s poem From the House of Yemanja + Stanza a group of lines in a poem that are written in a bunch taken from Kimiko Hahn’s poem Daughter Although I’m oldest I can’t be the one who paints Or speaks grandmother’s language like a picture-bride marriage To a still life: a plate of oranges, plums and grapes + Free Verse lines that do not rhyme or have a rhythmic pattern I May Be Dreaming, But Wouldn't It Be Great If... …I were a genius who could get straight As in school without having to do any homework. …My parents let me eat dessert first and then anything else wanted. …My little sister moved to an island off the coast of Madagascar and I never heard from her again, except on my birthdays, when she'd send me a card with money in it. …Instead of making me go to Sunday school, my parents would take me and my girlfriend to the amusement park, where I could practice the Golden Rule on the roller coaster by holding her hand whenever she got scared. By: Bruce Lansky + Blank Verse Regular meter but no rhyme (most commonly thought of as iambic pentameter with no rhyme) But, soft, what light through yon-der win-dow breaks? It is the east, and Jul-iet is the sun. A-rise, fair sun, and kill the en-vious moon, Who is al-read-y sick and pale with grief That thou her maid art far more fair than she. Act 2,Sc. 2 + Lyric a line of poetry that can be put to music in a song O beautiful for spacious skies, For amber waves of grain, For purple mountain majesties Above the fruited plain “America Beautiful” the America! America! God shed His grace on thee, And crown thy good with brotherhood From sea to shining sea! + Theme the main idea around which a poem is written. The lesson a poem hopes to teach. + Tone Writer’s attitude towards the subject and audience Sweet is my hope. Pure is the life of my hope. With my sweet hope I try to reach the higher worlds. With my pure hope I try to fathom my inner worlds. But alas, In neither way do I succeed. I fail, I miserably fail.