Types of Poems

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Poetry Refresher
April had covered the hills
With flickering yellows and reds,
The sparkle and coolness of snow
Was blown from the mountain beds.
Across a deep-sunken stream
The pink of blossoming trees,
And from windless appleblooms
The humming of many bees.
“Azure and Gold” (excerpt) by Amy Lowell
Poetry Terms
Metaphor: describes one thing as something else/different. Makes a comparison.
Extended Metaphor: Same as above, but the metaphor is carried over several lines, or the entirety, of a
poem.
Hyperbole: An exaggeration used to make a point.
Symbol: Anything that represents something else.
Simile: Compares two unlike things using “like” or “as.”
Personification: Gives human qualities/characteristics to non-human creatures or objects.
Repetition: the use of any element of language (a word or phrase) more than once.
Onomatopoeia: A word that is spelled like the sound it makes.
Alliteration: The repetition of sounds at the beginnings of words.
Rhyme: The repetition of sounds at the ends of words.
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Rhyme Scheme: The pattern of rhymes at the ends of lines in a poem.
Rhyming Couplets: A pair of rhyming lines that have the same length and meter.
Meter: The rhythmical pattern of a poem.

End Rhyme: When the rhyme occurs at the ends of lines of poetry.
For example:
The woods are lovely, dark and deep.
But I have promises to keep,
And miles to go before I sleep,

Internal Rhyme: When words within a line(s) of poetry rhyme.
For example:
The cat in the hat
Looked real cool but felt like a fool.
Stanza: A group of lines in a poem.
Mood: The feeling or of a poem, such as love, doom, joy, anger, sadness, pride. As in fiction, mood is
often related to the setting. Mood can change over the course of a poem.
Tone: The attitude of the poet toward a subject or audience, such as sarcastic, ironic, angry. Related to
mood, the entire poem must be considered when interpreting tone.
Sensory Detail: Details in writing that appeal to one or more of the five senses.
Types of Poems
Haiku: A traditional Japanese form of poetry with 3 lines. The first and third lines have 5 syllables. The
second line has 7 syllables.
Narrative: A poem that tells a story and uses elements of short stories.
OOTD THEMES:
OOTD SYMBOLS:
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