Bell Work: Please log on to your computer and begin silently working on the vocabulary worksheet at your desk. You may use your computer to look terms up if necessary. If you finish both sides, you may review using the resources on the class wiki while you wait for everyone else. You have about 15 minutes. Daily Agenda: Bell Work: Vocabulary Review WOD voracious Activator: Crash Course – Egypt Lecture: Early Civilizations Review: Dust Bin Game Guided Reading: Early Africa and South Asia Essential Question: Were all civilizations essentially the same? What accounts for any differences? Homework: Read Early Africa and South Asia packet and complete guided reading worksheet. Voracious – an insatiable appetite The term voracious is often used when someone has an incredible urge to partake in a favorite activity. To do something voraciously often translates to becoming an expert on the given activity. Some people may see your intensity as an addiction and bizarre but to you it is commonplace. Click the voracious Reader Award to see a clip of a robot who reads voraciously. (Read-Aloud) Tuesday, January 21st Block 1 Activator: Which has the biggest impact on your life today: religion, geography, or government? Early Civilizations 1. Where did the earliest civilizations form and why? River Valleys Nile Tigris / Euphrates Indus Huang He / Yangtze Rivers provided irrigation, drinking water, and transportation Why not other rivers? 2. What different forms of rule did the earliest civilizations use to keep order? Egypt Divine rule; pharaoh = god; bureaucracy Mesopotamia Lugals = “Big Men;” strong armies (Assyrians); use of priests China Mandate of Heaven (Divine Right); Confucian beliefs (Social Roles) India Samsara and caste system (social institutions) 3. What factors helped determine the social structures of various early civilizations? Free vs. Slave (Mesopotamia especially) Land ownership (China) Occupation India Mesopotamia Egypt Gender 4. Explain the interconnection between geography and religion in two early civilizations. Egypt Gods controlled environment beneficial flooding = nice gods; unified religion due to geographic isolation Mesopotamia Violent floods = Angry, vengeful gods; introduction of new religions (Judaism, Zoroastrianism, etc.) due to geographic “openness” China Mandate of Heaven illustrated by natural disasters 5. Was there gender equality in early societies? If not, what prevented it? All Neolithic societies women no longer play as much of a role in food acquisition China Confucianism held women in lower status than any male; men must “protect” women India Aryan beliefs made women the equivalent to lowest caste; sati Egypt Limited protections and rights for women, but not equivalent of men (few female leaders) Mesopotamia No female “Lugals” = no legal equality for women Critical Thinking: What factors are most influential in determining your lifestyle? Activating Prior Knowledge: Which effects your lifestyle most: geography (climate, resources, etc.), religion, or government? As you read the passage provided, look for examples of how the lives of early peoples were influenced by each factor. You will be recording details from the reading on the worksheet provided. You may paraphrase or partially quote these, but need to identify where specifically you found the examples. Key Vocabulary: Paragraph Word Meaning 2 Domestication Taking control of for human purposes… 3 Dikes Walls built to control the flow of water 4 Bickering Arguing/ Fighting 5 Cordial Friendly or open 5 Mercenaries Soldiers for hire… 7 Stratification Division (as in layers) 8 Bureaucracy Collective government workers (non-elected) 14 incremental In small amounts 14 Intermittent Periodic or sporadic 16 Deities Gods/ goddesses 29 Pyre Ceremonial fire 33 Ascetic Practicing strict self-denial 34 Samara Cycle of Death and Rebirth 34 Karma Sum of a person's actions, viewed as deciding their fate in future existences. Read Early Africa and South Asia packet and complete guided reading worksheet (Socratic Seminar tomorrow).