Key Concept 5.3 Nationalism, Revolution, & Reform

Mr. Millhouse – AP World History – Hebron H.S.
The Enlightenment
Enlightenment philosophers, such as Voltaire, Rousseau, Locke, Montesquieu, applied new
ways of understanding the natural world to human relationships, religion, and politics
Influence of the Enlightenment
Enlightenment thinkers influenced resistance to
existing political authority
 Required
examples of revolutionary documents:
 American
Declaration of Independence
 French Declaration of Rights of Man and Citizen
 Simon Bolivar’s Jamaica Letter
Enlightenment ideas also challenged existing notions
of social relations such as
 Expanded
 Reform
 Abolition
suffrage (rise of democracy)
Bill of 1832
of slavery
 End of serfdom
Rise of Nationalism
Nationalism brought
nations together
Gandhi is a major
nationalist leader
next unit!
Nationalism tore empires
Otto von Bismarck
Ottomans & Greek
Nationalism goes global
Indian National Congress
 Chinese Nationalist Party
Rising Discontent with Imperial Rule
Subjects challenged imperial governments
 Potential
 China:
White Lotus Rebellion (failed)
 Russia: Pugachev Rebellion (failed)
See Eurasian Empires PPT from 1450-1750 Unit
Required examples of successful rebellions:
 American
 French Revolution
 Haitian Revolution
 Latin American independence movements
Questioning imperial authority +
nationalism = anticolonial movements
Potential examples of anticolonial movements include:
• Sepoy Rebellion 1757
• Boxer Rebellion 1900 (pictured above)
Rebellions with Religious Influence
Potential examples of rebellions influenced by religious ideas and
millenarianism include:
• Taiping Rebellion 1850-1865 (pictured above)
• Mahdi in Egypt, Sioux Indian Ghost Dance movement, etc.
Frequent rebellions led to reforms in
imperial policies
Potential examples of reform movements include:
• Tanzimat Reforms in Ottoman Empire (pictured above)
• Self-Strengthening Movement in China
Rise of new transnational ideologies
Discontent with monarchist and imperial rule encouraged the development of political
ideologies including liberalism, socialism, and communism
Rise of feminism & women’s suffrage
Potential examples of
demands for women’s
suffrage and the rise
of feminism:
 Mary
A Vindication of the
Rights of Woman
 Seneca Falls
Conference of 1848
(8th grade U.S. history)