2nd set of notes - Crest Ridge R-VII

By: Mr. Presenzano
A. First paragraph of the Constitution
B. Purpose
1. Introduce the Constitution
2. Explain what the Constitution is
meant to do
A. Our law-making branch.
B. Congress (Legislature)
1. The Senate
a. 2 per state = 100 total
b. 6 year terms
Claire McCaskill
Took Office: Jan 4,
Next Election: 2018
Party: Democrat
Roy Blunt
Took Office: Jan 5,
Next Election: 2016
Party: Republican
Source: https://www.govtrack.us/congress/members/MO
2. The House of Representatives
a. Based on population
b. 435 U.S. representatives
c. 2 year terms
3. Powers of Congress
a. Write bills which can become law
b. Collect taxes
c. Declare war
Lacy Clay Jr.
Emanuel Cleaver II
Ann Wagner
Sam Graves
Blaine Luetkemeyer Vicky Hartzler
Billy Long
Jason Smith
A. Executes or carries out laws
B. President heads branch.
C. Vice-President and President’s
D. President’s Powers include:
1. Commander-in-chief of military
2. Appoints Supreme Court Justices
3. Maintains a cabinet of advisors
4. Granting pardons in federal
criminal cases
A. Interprets laws to decide what they
mean and whether they are followed.
B. Supreme Court and federal courts
C. Supreme Court Justices (Judges)
1. Appointed by President.
2. Serve for life
A. States can create and enforce laws, too.
B. States have to work with other states and
respect their laws.
C. A governor heads each state (elected by
the citizens)
Governor Jay Nixon
VI. Article 5 --The Constitution can be
amended (changed).
VII. Article 6 – Supreme Law of the Land
A. Federalism
1. National government and state
governments share power.
2. The national government is
higher than state government.
A. Adding Amendments to the
1. Must be proposed by 2/3 of
both houses of Congress.
2. Must be ratified by 3/4 of all