The Restoration Period & The Age of Enlightenment

The Restoration Period
& The Age of Enlightenment
by Joceline Rodriguez
The Restoration
Period 16601688
-started with the crowning of King Charles II in 1660
-ended with the removal of King William III in 1688
-essentially known as “restoring” the old way of English
monarchical form of government
The English Civil War from 1642-1651 was a civil war between the
people of England that wanted to change their government from a
more traditional form of government to a more Republican
government that involved the people
The Civil War ended with the beheading of King Charles I in 1649
from 1649- 1659, England was controlled by various forms of
government that was not monarchical
in 1660, Charles II was crowned King once again and “restored”
England’s parliamentary rule
The Glorious Revolution
marked the end of the Restoration Period in 1688
Charles II died in 1685 and the throne was given to James II (his
brother) since Charles did not have any kids himself.
But William III, who had a say in the parliament, took away his power
after feeling that Charles II would not move England in the right
In 1688, James II was overthrown officially
In 1689, William III put himself on the English thrown, along with his
wife Mary, and they reigned England until their deaths
The Age of Enlightenment
took place throughout the 18th Century
also known as the “Augustan Age”, “Neoclassicism” or “Age
of Reason”
inspired by 17th century philosophers and physicians like Sir
Isaac Newton, Francis Bacon, and John Locke
a period dominated by logic, reason, and scientific
approaches to religious, social, political, and economic issues
-many felt that it meant progress and perfection
-people started to see more potential in democracy and
freedom rather than Popes and Kings
-it was a period that celebrated ideas
Effects on Literature
Restoration Comedy
-before restoration, literature was more “humble and spiritual themed”
-after restoration, more risqué and sexual context came into play
Restoration Poetry
-first half of 17th century focused more on religious texts
-second half of the century focused more on the powerful potential of humans to improve the world they
live in and to help one’s self being, more inspirational
Return of the theatre
-theatres were closed for 18 years around the time of England’s civil war by religious and political leaders
who thought they were sinful.
-Charles II loved dramas and quickly brought back theatres (made popular in the Shakespearean era)
More Effects on Literature
Prose & Fiction
-a lot of writing stopped being written in verses and started to be written in a paragraph-like structure
-the help of advanced printing made it easier for books to be made and understood
-the first forms of novels were said to be created in this era
-before, literature consisted mostly of short stories, poetry, plays, and so on
Birth of Journalism
-people started to learn about current events through newspaper like materials, instead of a single
square sheet with information
-literacy rates went higher causing more people to be informed about what is going on around the world
Famous Writers
of the Era
Jonathan Swift
Alexander Pope
John Dryden
Joseph Addison
Thank You :)
–Joceline Rodriguez