Will do video for YouTube?
A documentary. Just over 6 minutes in length. Done
Need resources from: books, newspaper, and magazine
Visit Philippine Embassy for pamphlets to pass around?
No – not enough time.
Make food to create mood in class? Candies? Small and practical dish?
Yes, Yema desert, like a donut hole. Bring recipe so that everyone can check
ingredients for allergies. On Word Doc on Wikispace.
Edit through movie maker.
Learned movie maker. Done.
Write commentary script for documentary.
Script – on Word Document on Wikispace. Done.
Down load movie clips, pictures, maps, etc…
Film clips and editing. Done
Final edit and publish zip file.
How could I have improved this project?
Not take on such a huge project!!!! Too much work for so little time.
Wanted to do some sound effects, but no time. Also, would have preferred
better music.
Script Outline of footage and music for Documentary
Show beautiful film edge of Philippines and of Mindanao. (Music should be classical Philippine)
Then show clips of the Philippines daily lives, culture.
After viewers are “at peace” and are relatively calm, shock them with graphic footage of earthquakes (music should be harsh and aggressive)
Then show them of the horrors of the earthquake and then of floods. (Music should be wistful and depressing)
The last scene should end in a very graphic flood picture; let it fade slowly out…
The scene should then switch to footage of organizations trying to help the disasters.
The film should then switch to the prevention plan and should be as detailed as possible.
Nathan’s discoveries and information…
Bibliography Information
Useful text
Ideas written in my own original words
#1: Which country?
Wikipedia, and official
Philippines government site:
Greatest variety of physiographic
development of the Philippine islands: High,
rugged, faulted mountains; almost isolated
volcanic peaks; high rolling plateaus; and
broad, level, swampy plains are found there.
Volcanoes: A north-south range, mainly
structural in origin, contains at least three
active volcano peaks. A series of volcanic
mountains is found near Lake Lanao in a
broad arc through Lanao del Sur, northern
Cotabato and western Bukidnon provinces.
At least six of the twenty odd peaks in this
area are active and several are very
impressive as they stand in semi-isolation.
In southwestern Cotabato, still another
range of volcanic mountains is found, this
time paralleling the coast.
Mindanao: is the second largest island in the
Location: Situated in the southernmost section of the
Philippine archipelago.
Population: 21,582,540. Eighth most populous island
in the world.
Mountainous: home to Mount Apo, the highest
mountain in the country
Seas: the Sulu Sea to the west, the Philippine Sea to
the east, and the Celebes Sea to the south.
#2: Plate boundaries?
Natural hazards?
Nearby cities in danger: the major cities on Mindanao
are Zamboanga and Dava. Dava serves as a main port
for Mindanao
Natural hazard mostly affecting Mindanao are
earthquakes, which can cause tsunamis, volcanic
eruptions, floods, mudslides, structural damage.
Several fault zones in the region are capable
of producing major earthquakes and
destructive local tsunamis. The two major
fault zones that are most dangerous are the
Sulu Trench in the Sulu Sea and the
Cotabato Trench, a region of subduction
that crosses the Celebes Sea and the Moro
The Philippines sits on the Pacific "Ring of Fire" where
continental plates collide causing frequent seismic and
volcanic activity. The worst earthquake in the country
happened on August 16, 1976 after a tsunami caused
by a quake killed between 5,000 and 8,000 people in
Gulf in Southern Mindanao. According to the
PHIVOLCS historical catalog of earthquakes
for the last 100 years, this region of the
southern Philippines is characterized by
moderate to high seismicity. The most
recent earthquake along the Cotabato
Trench region of subduction being the
March 6, 2002 earthquake in Southern
the Moro Gulf region in southern Philippines.
The archipelago makes up part of the
"Pacific Ring of Fire" with over 200
volcanoes within its boundaries
Why the Philippines is considered the most disasterprone country.
The Philippines is in a tectonically active
region, lying between two major tectonic
The country lies west of the north western
Pacific Ocean - the world's largest spawning
ground of tropical Cyclones.
The Philippines Archipelago is said to lie
between the world's largest tectonic plates the Pacific and Eurasian Plates
The so-called earthquake "generators" cause
an average of five earthquake a day, most of
which are imperceptible
There has been 63 major earthquakes
between 1589 and 1983
To date the worst earthquake (magnitude
7.7) happened in July 16, 1990 in Northern
Plate boundaries: The Philippines lie on the boundaries
of three plates, the Pacific plate, Filipino plate, and
the Eurasian plate
#3: What type of
natural hazards
before? Will it
happen again?
#4: Climate? How has
it changed?
#5: How developed is
the civilization?
What’s it like?
Other natural hazard: typhoons which can also result
in floods, mudslides, structural damage.
Climate and natural resources: Situated
outside the typhoon belt, Mindanao enjoys
a generally fair tropical climate, evenly
distributed throughout the year. Its rich soil
accounts for bountiful harvests of a variety
of farm products. It grows most of the
Philippines' major crops such as rubber
(100% of national production), pineapple
(91%), cacao (90%) as well as banana,
coffee, corn and coconut (over 50%). The
island also produces exotic fruits like
pomelo, mangosteen and durian.
Culture: The Cebuano language is spoken by
the majority of people in Mindanao.
Cebuano is generally the native language in
most regions, except for the Muslim areas
on the west coast and among the hill tribes.
Christians form the majority, with 63% of
the population; Muslims are 32% of the
population (mostly on the southern part of
the island); 5% are affiliated with other
The native Maguindanaon and other native
Muslim/non-Muslim groups of Mindanao
have a culture that is different from the
main cultures of the Southern Philippines
Although Mindanao sits outside of the typhoon belt, it
does experience them occasionally.
In cities, buildings are becoming more earthquake
proof, particularly office buildings. But along the
coastal area, where many people live who are poor
and fish for a living, the homes are very rickety and are
easily destroyed.
#6. Two organizations
Philippines currently
have to coordinate
natural disasters.
1. NDCC in Philippines
The National Disaster Coordinating Council
or NDCC is the policy-making and
coordinating body for disasters management
at the national level. It directs all disaster
preparedness planning, as well as disaster
response operations and rehabilitation, both
in the public as well as private sectors. It
advises the President on matters related to
natural calamities and disasters, including
recommendations for the declaration of a
state of calamity in disaster-affected areas. It
is composed of the heads of fourteen
national ministries, the Chief of Staff of the
Armed Forces of the Philippines, the
Secretary-General of the Philippine National
Red Cross, and the Administrator of the
Office of Civil Defense. The Defense
Minister, or Secretary of National Defense,
serves as the Chairman of the NDCC, with
the Civil Defense Administrator as Executive
PEER coordinates with the National Disaster
Coordinating Council. All council members
with search and rescue and medical first
response mandates are de facto partner
agencies of PEER.
2. PEER in Philippines
Philippines was one of the member from the
beginning of OFDA-funded Program for
Enhancement of Emergency Response
(PEER) phase I (1998-2003) and an active
member in the current PEER phase II (20032008). There are six countries Bangladesh,
India, Indonesia, Nepal, Pakistan and the
Philippines who have a high risk of seismic
PEER implements activities in Philippines
under the coordinating authority of the
National Disaster Coordinating Council, with
which the program has a Memorandum of
Understanding. The designated training
institution for Medical First Responder (MFR)
and Collapsed Structure Search and Rescue
(CSSR) training is the NDCC. The
designated training institution for Hospital
Preparedness for Emergencies (HOPE) is
the Philippines General Hospital, which falls
under the authority of the University of the
#7. PPP: What does
Mindanao already
have, and what does
it still need to reduce
impact of natural
Pacific Tsunami Warning
Mindanao appears well organized in the PREDICTION
and PREPAREDNESS areas, but very little
PROTECTION. They already have the following:
Government assistance:
Pacific Tsunami Warning Centre, located in Australia.
Maybe a delay to get warning sent to Philippines.
Should have their own PTW on site? How practical is
Warning system mounted in cities and coastal areas.
Training very early on, in school, on what to do in case
of earthquake or tsunami.
Medical alert teams are trained and practice drills
Hospitals have rosters, preparedness manuals.
Evacuation drills in all areas of life.
Electric, power, water grids – maps available.
Computers may shut down. Need back up on hard
All emergency personnel equipped with cell phones.
Cell phone towers must be in safe zones.
Mindanao does NOT appear to have PROTECTION.
They need 4 main measures:
1. Tree planting to prevent mud slides.
2. No longer allow building permits in high risk zones
for earthquakes, tsunamis and volcanoes.
3. Break waters, dykes, dams as in Holland and Venice.
4. Sand bags when flooding.
8. Example of one
Preparedness Plan in
Facility Evacuation
“I cannot overemphasize the importance of
periodic evacuation drills,” he said. Because
all the employees were cognizant of the
nearest exits, the spontaneous evacuation
was successful; while all employees escaped
serious injury, many others trapped in
buildings in Baguio were crushed.
Facility Power
Electricity, power, water, etc. should be well
planned and duty personnel should be well
trained on emergency shut-down
procedures, Locke says. “If we have a case
where perimeter mains of a significant size
are totally collapsed, I can well assure you
that reservoirs can be drained in a relatively
short period of time unless the pumps are
Interesting site on how businesses can reduce their
risk. Could also be used in homes? Many similarities
between this plan and what the Philippine government
has planned.
manually turned off,” he said.
In an event such as a large-scale
earthquake, communications are almost
certain to be either hindered or temporarily
destroyed. Thus, backup communications
are vital. “The Motorola cellular phone that I
carried to Baguio was key to our limited
communication,” said Locke. Ham radio and
VHF radios could also be used.
Site Plans and Drawings
It is important to know the precise layout and
location of routing for water mains, sewer
mains, gas lines, and underground power
lines, to name a few, Locke stresses. “When
initiating repairs, it could be of vital
importance from an expediency viewpoint to
have detailed drawings of the total factory
structure available at each site.”
Insurance Claims
Only a limited number of employees were
involved in incidents that involve a
substantial claim. However, Locke observed
that it would be prudent to consider a
detailed check-off list and maybe a video
tape that could be made available to each
factory site for quick reference and training.
9. Recent earthquake
To see seismic activity on a
Most recent seismic activities:
Nov. 11.
Cool Site!!!
Nov 17, 5.3 on Richter Scale, just after midnight, and
one large after-shock.
Nov 29, 5.4 on Richter Scale, one large after-shock.
Include seismic graph in documentary.