SA 27: compromise

By Jessica Craig
Analyze the Missouri Compromise.
• Missouri and Maine
• Slave states vs. free states
• Political power
• Slavery laws
What were the terms of the Missouri
• Missouri enters as a slave state.
• Maine enters as a free state.
• Prohibited north of 36 degrees 30’ latitude
• Proposed laws of slavery: importing in Missouri made
illegal & children of slaves set free when they were 25.
• Politicians in the South- feelings?
Why was it proposed?
Why was it necessary?
• Slave states and free states
• Prevent conflict from rising
• Missouri and Maine
• People don’t get mad- everyone is happy!
Who proposed it?
Henry Clay
What was the Missouri Compromise
supposed to address?
• Trying to create peace between the North and the South
• Political power
• 22 states in the Union: Virginia, Maryland, Delaware,
Kentucky, Tennessee, North Carolina, South Carolina,
Georgia, Alabama, Mississippi, Connecticut, Rhode Island,
Vermont, New Hampshire, New York, New Jersey,
Pennsylvania, Ohio, Indiana, Illinois
Why did it fail?
• Power between slave and free states
• Peace didn’t last long
What were the terms of the Compromise
of 1850?
• Fugitive Slave Act- new slave laws
• Slave trade ends in the capital. Slaves still allowed.
• California entered as a free state
• No interference with District of Columbia’s slavery policy
• New Mexico and Utah decide: Popular Soverignty
• Texas debts would be paid by the government
• Texas give land east of the Rio Grande to Mexico
• Congress have nothing to do with the interstate slave
Fugitive Slave Act
• Part of the Compromise of 1850
• Runaway slaves in the North
• People were paid for catching slaves
• $10/ every slave sent back to the South
• $5 for every accused free black person
• Free-born slaves were forced into slavery
• Canada
• More protection for the blacks
• Amended previous Fugitive Slave Act of 1793
Why was it proposed?
• Settle differences
• California
• Equal amounts of power in the government
• John C Calhoun’s speech
Who proposed it?
Henry Clay on January 29
“The Great Compromiser”
How did the Compromise of 1850 attempt to
resolve conflicts over the expansion of slavery?
• “ The Great Compromiser”
• Compromises
• Didn’t want the Union to be broken up
• Neither side was happy
Why did it fail?
• Nobody was happy with the outcome.
• Fugitive Slave Act had a large impact on the Northerners
• Left lots of contention in its wake
• Only postponed war
• Used to ignite the Civil Ear
What were the terms of the KansasNebraska Act?
• Proposed in 1854
• Allowed being able to choose if slavery was allowed or
• Kansas and Nebraska were annexed
Why was it proposed?
• Encourage western movement
• Transcontinental railroad
• Republicans: non-slavery in the west
• Mostly benefited the North
Who proposed it?
Stephen A DouglasDemocrat from Illinois
Why were antislavery Northerners angry
about the Kansas-Nebraska Act?
• Repealed Missouri Compromise
• Not a permanent law
• Slavery away from them
• ‘My way or the highway’ viewpoint
Why did it fail?
• Pretty much deleted the Missouri Compromise
• Balance and equality was broken
• Peace and War democrats
• Political power
• North and South became angry
What occurred in Kansas?
• Kansas wanted to vote immediately.
• Votes leaned towards the ‘free state’ option
• Pro-slavery people moved into Kansas to try and
overwhelm the voting system
Desperate things
Destruction of property and homes
Free State Hotel burned
Loss of about 200 people and about 2 million dollars in
property damage
How did Northerners and Southerners
react to events involving Kansas?
• Northerners sent settlers to Kansas to make it a free state.
• South heard that 20,000 Northerners were moving to
Kansas, sent troops into Kansas to vote.
• Fought for control of Kansas
What were the consequences?
• 200 people were lost
• About 2 million dollars were lost in damage to property
• David Atchison “with the bayonet and with blood [and if
necessary] to kill every [white out] abolitionist in the district.”
• Several attacks, mobs, riots, etc.
• Kansas only became a state after the slave states seceded.