An Overview of IDEA & ESE

ESE Exceptional Student
Dana Brock
Frances Celis
• Prior to 1997, IDEA did not specifically address
general curriculum involvement of disabled students.
The 1997 Amendments shifted the focus of the IDEA
to one of improving teaching and learning, with a
specific focus on the Individualized Education Program
(IEP) as the primary tool for enhancing the child’s
involvement and progress in the general curriculum.
• The Individuals with Disabilities Education
Improvement Act 2004 (IDEA) aligns IDEA closely to
the No Child Left Behind Act (NCLB), helping to
ensure equity, accountability and excellence in education
for children with disabilities.
ABC’s of ESE
You Try!!!
ABC’s of ESE
ESE – Exceptional Student Education
IEP – Individual Education Plan
FBA/BIP – Functional Behavior
Assessment/Behavior Intervention
PLF – Present Level of Functioning
LRE – Least Restrictive Environment
SLD – Specific Learning Disability
EH – Emotionally Handicapped
SED – Severely Emotionally Disturbed
EMH – Educable Mentally
TMH – Trainable Mentally
PMH – Profoundly Mentally
GIF - Gifted
DD – Developmentally Delayed
SI – Speech Impaired
LI – Language Impaired
HI – Hearing Impaired
VI – Vision Impaired
OI – Orthopedically Impaired
OHI – Other Health Impaired
TBI – Traumatic Brain Injury
AUT – Autism
OT – Occupational Therapy
PT – Physical Therapy
Percentage of FL Students in
ESE Programs
SLD - Specific Learning Disability
• Specific learning disabilities refers to a group of
psychological processing disorders evidenced by
significant difficulties in the acquisition and use
of language, reading, writing, or mathematics.
• Examples: Dysnomia, Auditory Processing,
Visual Motor Integration, Dyslexia, Sensory
Processing, Visual Integration Processing, etc.
SLD Qualifications
• Documented evidence which indicates that general
education interventions have been attempted and found
to be ineffective.
• Evidence of a disorder in one or more of the basic
psychological processes required for learning.
• Evidence of academic achievement which is
significantly below the student’s level of intellectual
GIF – Gifted
• One who has superior intellectual development
and is capable of high performance.
• Qualifications:
– Superior intellectual development as measured by an
intelligence quotient of two standard deviations or
more above the mean on an individually
administered standardized test of intelligence.
– Full Scale IQ = 130 +/-
SI – Speech Impaired
• An impairment in articulation is substitutions,
distortions, or omissions of speech sounds which are
not age appropriate.
• An impairment in fluency is abnormal flow of speech
which impairs rate and rhythm and may be
accompanied by struggle behavior.
• An impairment in voice is absence or abnormal
production of voice quality, pitch, loudness, resonance,
or duration.
LI – Language Impaired
• An impairment in the language system is an
abnormal processing or production of:
– a. Form including phonology, syntax, and
– b. Content including semantics
– c. Function including pragmatics
EH – Emotionally Handicapped
• An emotional handicap is defined as a condition resulting in
persistent maladaptive behavior, which exists to a marked degree,
which interferes with the student’s learning process, and which
may include but is not limited to any of the following
– An inability to achieve adequate academic progress which cannot be
explained by intellectual, sensory, or health factors.
– An inability to build or maintain satisfactory interpersonal relationships
with peers and teachers.
– Inappropriate types of behavior or feelings under normal circumstances.
– A general pervasive mood of unhappiness or depression.
– A tendency to develop physical symptoms or fears associated with
personal or school problems.
EH Qualifications
A student is eligible for a special program for
emotionally handicapped if there is evidence that:
• The student, after receiving supportive educational assistance
and counseling services, still exhibits an emotional handicap.
• An emotional handicap exists over an extended period of time,
and in more than one situation.
• The emotional handicap interferes with the student’s own
learning, reading, arithmetic or writing skills, social-personal
development, language development, or behavioral progress and
EMH – Educable Mentally
• An educable mentally handicapped student is a student
who is mildly impaired in intellectual and adaptive
behavior and whose development reflects a reduced
rate of learning. The measured intelligence of an
educable mentally handicapped student generally falls
between two and three standard deviations below the
mean, and the assessed adaptive behavior falls below
that of other students of the same age and sociocultural group.
IEP at a Glance
Important Sections:
• Primary exceptionality
• ESE services – frequency and location
• Modifications, accommodations, & supports
• Standardized assessment
• Present level of functioning (PLF)
• Goals and Objectives
Last Thoughts
• Students are eligible for services from their third birthday until
they graduate with a standard diploma or G.E.D., or until age 22.
• All students who have been placed in an ESE program must
have an active IEP.
• At age 14, a transition IEP must address post secondary
education goals.
• ESE students must be served in their Least Restrictive
• All ESE procedures and referrals are done with parent
• Clay County Special Programs and Procedures
• Clay County Admissions and Placement Manual
• Florida Department of Education website