08. BSSD Tunisia2 - International Atomic Energy Agency

International Atomic Energy Agency
EU Basic Safety Directive 2013/59/Euratom
IP-INT9176, Tunisia, 16-20 February 2015
Legal Basis – the Euratom Treaty(1957)
Article 2: the Community shall establish uniform
standards .to protect the health of workers and of the
general public and ensure that they are applied;
Article 30: Basic standards shall be laid down within
the Community for the protection of the health of
workers and the general public against dangers arising
from ionising radiations:
» maximum permissible doses compatible with
adequate safety
» maximum permissible levels of exposure and
» fundamental principles governing the health
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surveillance of workers
Consolidation of European Radiation
Protection Legislation
Basic Safety Standards, Directive
• Medical Exposures, Directive 97/43/Euratom
• Public Information, Directive
• Outside Workers, Directive 90/641/Euratom
• Control of high-activity sealed radioactive
sources and orphan 2003/122/Euratom
• Radon, Commission Recommendation
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Motivation for revision of BSSD
• New ICRP recommendations 2007
• Need to strengthen certain
requirements and to allow for
experience since 1996
New scientific data; e.g. cataracts,
epidemiological findings on radon in
Harmonisation with the revision of the
IAEA Basic Safety Standards
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Main Changes from previous Directive
• Main changes relating to protection of the
public include:
• Use of graded approach
• Closer alignment with ICRP and IAEA standards
• Revised definition of high activity sealed
sources (HASS) and use of IAEA ‘D-values’
• Increased emphasis on managing orphan
• Contaminated land – use of reference levels
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Further changes
• Introduce more binding requirements on
natural radiation sources
» Cover NORM industries
» Building material
» Radon in dwellings and in work places
» Cosmic radiation (exposure to air crew and
space crew)
• Harmonisation of exemption and
clearance criteria
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Chapters of the Directive
I - Subject matter and Scope
II - Definitions
III - System of Protection
IV - Requirements for Radiation Protection,
Education, Training and Information
V - Justification and Regulatory Control of
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Chapters of the Directive
VI - Occupational exposure
VII - Medical exposures
VIII - Public Exposures
IX - General responsibilities of Member
States and Competent Authorities
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General requirements for sealed
sources (1)
1. Ensure arrangements for keeping control
of sealed sources with regard to their
location, use and, when no longer required,
their recycling or disposal.
2. Require the undertaking to keep records
of all sealed sources under its
responsibility, including location, transfer
and disposal.
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Sealed Sources (2)
3. Establish a system to enable them to be
adequately informed of any transfer of high
activity sealed sources and where
necessary individual transfers of sealed
4. Require each undertaking holding a
sealed source to notify the competent
authority promptly of any loss, significant
leakage, theft or unauthorised use of a
sealed source.
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Requirements for control of high-activity
sealed sources
• Adequate arrangements have been made
for the safe management and control of
sources, including when they become
disused sources. Such arrangements
may provide for the transfer of disused
sources to the supplier or their
placement in a disposal or storage facility
or an obligation for the manufacturer or
the supplier to receive them;
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Detection of orphan sources (1)
• Encourage the establishment of systems
aimed at detecting orphan sources in
places such as large metal scrap yards
and major metal scrap recycling instal
lations where orphan sources may
generally be encountered, or at
significant nodal transit points, wherever
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Detection of orphan sources (2)
• Ensure that specialised technical advice
and assistance is promptly made
available to persons who suspect the
presence of an orphan source and who
are not normally involved in operations
subject to radiation protection
requirements. The primary aim of advice
and assistance shall be the protection of
workers and members of the public from
radiation and the safety of the source.
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Recovery, management, control and
disposal of orphan sources (1)
• Ensure that the competent authority…
has made provision, including
assignment of responsibilities, to control
and recover orphan sources and to deal
with emergencies due to orphan sources
and have drawn up appropriate response
plans and measures.
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Recovery, management, control and
disposal of orphan sources (2)
• Ensure that campaigns are organised, as
appropriate, to recover orphan sources
left behind from past practices.
• Ensure that a financial security system or
other equivalent means is established to
cover intervention costs relating to the
recovery of orphan sources…
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This project/activity is conducted by the IAEA, with funding by the European Union.
The views expressed in this publication do not necessarily
reflect the views of the European Commission.
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