Fear, terror and lynching LO’s – to understand what is meant by the term ‘lynching’ To describe in detail the injustice that Blacks faced against all White jury’s Lynching • Lynching is the word used to describe a variety of murders, tortures and punishments given to Black Americans. • It could take the form of being whipped, hanged or even burned alive by a mob Lynching per state • Use your map to explain which states have the most cases of lynching Lynching Date Number of Lynchings 1882 42 1887 70 1892 161 1897 123 1903 84 1910 67 1915 56 1921 51 1952 was the first year with no reported lynchings – Why might this data be unreliable? A History of Lynching • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=CiyQFG6 uHgg • What does this link tell us about lynching in the South? Lynch Law • A group of people (usually White) could decide that a Black person was guilty of a ‘crime’ and could punish that person. – Lynching was actually illegal • There was no trial • No defence • No judge Scottsboro boys • March 25th, 1931 • 9 young men (ages 13-21) rode a freight train from Chattanooga, Tenn • They were charged for raping 2 White girls • **This case shows up the racism, prejudice and discrimination in the USA** Guilty? • Scottsboro Alabama is where they were tried for the first time • 1 of the girls was a prostitute • Boys non-guilty plea was rejected by the jury • 8/9 boys were sentenced on April 9th, 1931 • 1930’s South The local lawyer they were appointed with had no time to prepare of given any help in preparing their defence. – Almost automatic that ‘Black criminals’ were sentenced without a fair trial The boys were up against a system that was racist and corrupt! Lynching Party • 10,000 White demonstrators came in to Scottsboro to put pressure on the jury • The crowd wanted the boys to be found guilty Support for the boys Support gathered around the country 1 day after the sentence was delivered there was a huge demonstration in Harlem, NY Money was gathered to pay for a better lawyer Demonstrations were also held in German towns with Albert Einstein petitioning for their release Ruby Bates – one of the women they had supposedly raped finally admit that the attack never happened Nov 8th, 1932 – the boys were given a new trial 5/9 had the charges dropped 4 were retried and convicted – 3 of which were paroled and the 4th escaped Emmett Till • https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=AjYD5PJV YkU • Bob Dylan wrote a song about a young man named Emmett Till – Listen to the words carefully – as they tell an incredibly cruel story of injustice, racism and discrimination Emmett Till • Read over the case study of Emmett Till • In your own words summarise the injustice that this case highlights – You should also include details as to why he was lynched, who was involved and the impact of this event.