Chapter 11 Study Guide What was Lincoln’s Emancipation Proclamation? Legislation freeing enslaved people in states still fighting the Union What battle was the turning point of the Civil War? Gettysburg What was the name of the nurse who started the American Red Cross? What was the Militia Act? Law declaring that African American men could join the Union army. Who was the photographer that took photos of Civil War battlefields? Matthew Brady Who shot and killed President Lincoln? John Wilkes Booth What did the 13th amendment do? Abolished slavery in the United States Describe what the term “total war” meant when used during the Civil War. Destroy civilian and military targets in the South. Describe what the term “siege” meant when used during the Civil War. To surround the enemy and prevent them from access to supplies. Which Confederate General earned his nickname at the Battle of Bull Run? Thomas “Stonewall” Jackson What is conscription? A Military draft What were some of the advantages the North had over the South? Manufacturing Population Navy Railroads Why did Lincoln decide to make a public statement about slavery? He wanted the support of foreign leaders who opposed slavery. When slaves were captured in the North during the war, how were they treated? They were treated as property and confiscated. Did cotton production increase or decrease during the Civil War? How was the North effected by the South’s cotton production? Decreased cotton production led to short supplies for northern factories. What was the North trying to gain control of during the Battle of Vicksburg? The Mississippi River What strategy did General Sherman use when marching across Georgia? He destroyed everything in his path. Why did the Confederate troops lose the Battle at Petersburg? They had no replacement troops. Where did General Lee surrender? Appomattox Courthouse, Virginia.