Essential Projections: Bony Thorax Sternum: RAO and Lateral SC joints: PA, PA oblique (Body rotation method or CR angulation method) Ribs: PA or AP (upper & lower), Oblique (upper & lower) Essential Projections: Spine C-Spine: AP Axial AP Open Mouth AP or PA axial oblique AP (Fuchs) for dens Lateral (Grandy) T-spine: AP Lateral Lateral (swimmer’s technique) L-Spine: AP Lateral Lateral L5-S1 AP oblique - RPO - LPO AP axial L-S junction and SI joints (Ferguson) S- Spine: Sacrum - AP axial - Lateral Coccyx - AP axial - Lateral SI Joints - AP Oblique: RPO or LPO Essential Projections: Digestive System: Esophagus: AP or PA AP or PA oblique Lateral Stomach and Duodenum: PA PA oblique AP oblique Lateral (mediolateral) AP Small Intestine: PA or AP Large Intestine: PA or AP PA or AP axial PA oblique - RAO position or LAO position AP oblique - RPO position or LPO position Lateral rectum Right or Left lateral decubitus position INSTRUCTOR WILL PICK ANY THREE AT RANDOM Urinary System: AP or PA KUB Oblique KUB (RPO or LPO) Lateral KUB AP axial or PA axial bladder AP Oblique bladder (RPO or LPO) Lateral bladder INSTRUCTOR WILL PICK ANY THREE AT RANDOM Cranium: Lateral - Right and left lateral positions - Dorsal decubitus position PA PA axial (Caldwell method) AP AP axial AP axial (Towne method) PA axial (Haas method) Submentovertical (SMV) Axiolateral oblique (modified Law) Axiolateral oblique (Stenvers) Axiolateral oblique (Arcelin) Parietoorbital oblique (Rhese method) INSTRUCTOR WILL PICK ANY THREE AT RANDOM Facial bones: Lateral R or L Parietoacanthial (Waters) PA axial (CALDWELL) Nasal bones: Lateral R and L Zygomatic arches: Submentovertical Tangential AP axial (MODIFIED TOWNE) Mandibular rami: PA PA axial Mandible: Axiolateral oblique Temporomandibular articulations (TMJ): AP axial Axiolateral oblique R and L Sinuses: Lateral PA axial (Caldwell method) Parietoacanthial (Waters method) or open-mouth modification Submentovertical This workforce solution was funded by a grant awarded under the President’s Community Based Job Training Grants initiative as implemented by the U.S. Department of Labor’s Employment and Training Administration. The solution was created by the grantee and does not necessarily reflect the official position of the U.S. Department of Labor. The Department of Labor makes no guarantees, warranties, or assurances of any kind, express or implied, with respect to such information, including any information on linked sites and including, but not limited to, accuracy of the information or its completeness, timeliness, usefulness, adequacy, continued availability, or ownership. This solution is copyrighted by the institution that created it. Internal use by an organization and/or personal use by an individual for non-commercial purposes is permissible. All other uses require the prior authorization of the copyright owner.