Study Guide WWII Quiz 2

WWII Part 2 Study Guide
1. As part of their desire to take control of the Southwest Pacific, Japan captured the islands of the
Philippines in April, 1942. The Allied forces lost the battle, resulting in approximately 75,000 soldiers
being taken as prisoners of war. Anywhere from 6,000 to 18,000 American and Filipino troops died
while forced to walk 70 miles to prison camps.
2. The battle began as a Japanese attack on United States forces in an attempt to cripple the power of
the U.S. in the Pacific. Though the battle ended in heavy losses on both sides, it was a major victory
for the United States and has been called the turning point of the war in the Pacific.
3. On June 6, 1944, the Allied forces landed on the beaches in Normandy, France, marking the
beginning of Operation Overlord. Many historians call this the beginning of the end for Nazi Germany.
4. Beginning on December 16, 1944, this battle became the last major German offensive. With the
German Army greatly weakened after the failed attack, the Allied forces were able to push further
into Europe and re-take conquered land.
5. February to March of 1945, some of the worst fighting of World War II occurred during this battle,
with approximately 6,000 American soldiers killed and another 19,000 injured. Of the 21,000 Japanese
soldiers fighting on the island, approximately 20,000 were killed during the battle. The picture used
here shows American soldiers raising a flag over the island during the battle.
6. A group of African American pilots who fought in World War II under the command of Benjamin O.
Davis, one of the few African Americans who had graduated from West Point. The group was known
for having an excellent combat record, but their crowning achievement was their near perfect record
escorting bombers and other airborne military missions in Italy.
7. Sending military messages that could not be broken by the enemy during World War II became
increasingly difficult, especially in the Pacific Theater. This group created and communicated in what
remains perhaps the only military code in history that was indecipherable to enemy intelligence.
8. Led by theoretical physicist J. Robert Oppenheimer, a group of scientists and engineers in Los
Alamos, New Mexico was given the task of developing the world's first atomic bomb. This undertaking
was known as the __________________.
9. New technologies introduced in WWII that helped the Allies achieve success in the Battle of the
10. President of the United States from 1933 until his death in 1945, the only president in history to
serve more than two terms. He is well-known for helping the struggling U.S. economy during the
Great Depression by organizing the New Deal programs. He also worked closely with British Prime
Minister Winston Churchill before and during World War II, and he strongly supported the
establishment of the United Nations, an organization that would seek to promote peace in the postwar world.
11. Served as president from April 1945 until 1953. Regarding his role in WWII, he is probably most
well-known for his decision to drop the atomic bombs on two Japanese cities, Hiroshima and
Nagasaki, in hopes of ending the war with Japan as quickly as possible.
12. The U. S. general who led military efforts in Europe and North Africa during World War II, and was
later elected president of the United States from 1953-1961.
13. Japanese pilots who in World War II made deliberate suicidal crashes into enemy targets, usually
14. During World War II, the Allies adopted this strategy to move across the Pacific to defeat Japan.
15. The basic cargo ship used during WWII, it was relatively cheap and quickly made because
most were welded instead of riveted. The cargo vessels traveled in groups (convoys) escorted by
navy warships to avoid German u-boat attacks.
Manhattan Project
Bataan Death March
Battle of the Bulge
Dwight Eisenhower
Franklin Delano Roosevelt
Harry Truman
Iwo Jima
Navajo Code Talkers
Tuskegee Airmen
Liberty Ships
Battle of Midway
Island Hopping
Sonar and radar