# Problem Solving Decision Making

```Problem Solving
Decision Making
Lindsey Barney
Problem Identification
• 2nd grade student Devontae was benchmarked
in January. He read 30 WPM with 85%
accuracy.
• 2nd grade middle of year benchmark is 72
WPM with 95% accuracy.
with 28 WPM 78% accuracy.
Problem Analysis
• Devontae was previously in an Early
• His current intervention for reading
included regular classroom instruction
minute solutions with a paraeducator.
Problem Analysis
• His errors included:
– vowel patterns (EX: VCe, CVVC, and CVC
words).
– Suffixes (EX: -s, -es, -ing, -ed)
– Irregular site words (EX: was, what, want)
– Compound words (EX: inside, outside)
– Guessing the word from the first few letters
he could sound out.
What Needed to be Taught
• Vowel Patterns
– I started with aCe and aC
•
•
•
•
Fluency
Speed
Accuracy
Site Words
Plan Development
• Combination of several research- based
interventions
– Next Steps
– Word Lists
– Word Sorts
– Site Words
– Comprehension Questioning
• 30 minutes of intervention instruction 4 times
a week.
Implementation Process
• Site Word Flash Cards
5 minutes
– High frequency site words
&amp; irregular words
• Fluency
5 minutes
– Next Steps fluency charts
the same passage four
times total. Track rate and
accuracy.
10 minutes
– Text Preview
– Rate and Accuracy
– Check for understanding
using comprehension
questions
Implementation Process
• Word Study- 10 minutes
Word Lists
List words in same vowel pattern word lists with vowel
pattern underlined
List words in mixed word lists with patterns underlined
List words mixed with no patterns underlined
Word Sorts
Sort words by vowel pattern and read each word
multiple times during the sort
Progress Monitoring
• Bi-weekly Dibels CBM
• Daily Rate and Accuracy checks
• Daily Fluency checks
Dibels CBM
50
45
Words Per Minute
40
Words Per Minute
35
Goal Line
30
---- Trend Line
25
20
1
2
3
4
5 6
7
8
9
10 11 12
Next Steps Rate and Accuracy
95
85
75
65
Rate
Accuracy
---- Trend Line
----Goal Line
55
45
--- Decision Line
35
25
1
2
3
4
5
6
7
8
9 10 11 12 13 14 15 16
Data Analysis
• In January he was reading on a 1st grade level with 28
WPM 78% accuracy.
• In March, he read on a 1st grade level with 36 WPM
77% accuracy.
• His trend line increased from 25 to 35 WPM in 7
weeks. His average rate of improvement is 1.5 words
per week.
Did the Intervention Work?
• From the data, the student is making
improvement. I would say that the intervention is
working.
• To improve the intervention, I would add a
component of Reading Horizons that explicitly
teaches vowel patterns that can be generalized
with all vowel patterns. With this added
intervention, I believe that Devontae could be
caught up to grade level material within several
months if his trend line increases.
```