Weather Quiz Study Notes

Weather Quiz Study Notes
1. List the layers of the atmosphere from lowest to highest:
Troposphere, stratosphere, mesosphere, thermosphere, exosphere
2. List the layers of the atmosphere from highest to lowest:
Exosphere, thermosphere, mesosphere, stratosphere, troposphere
3. Which layer are the statements below about?
a. Weather = troposphere
g. Where we live =troposphere
b. Ozone Layer =stratosphere
h. Highest altitude = exosphere
c. Meteoroids burn up = mesosphere
Lowest altitude =troposphere
d. Coldest layer =mesosphere
Middle layer = mesosphere
e. Hottest layer = thermosphere
k. Highest pressure =troposphere
4. Lowest pressure = exosphere
Spaceships and satellites fly around in =
5. What is the protective layer that protects us from harmful ultraviolet rays from the sun? ozone layer
6. Define weather: condition of the atmosphere at a certain time and place. Includes temperature, wind,
precipitation, and cloud cover.
7. Define humidity: amount of water vapor in the air
8. Define air mass: a body of air that has the same properties throughout.
9. Describe the properties of the air mass that form:
a. Polar/Over Ocean =cold and wet
b. Polar/Over Land = cold and dry
c. Tropical/Over Water=hot and wet
d. Tropical/Over Land=hot and dry
10. What forms when a cold air mass and a warm air mass meets? a front
11. List the four types of fronts: warm front, cold front, occluded front, and stationary front
12. When a warm air mass slides over a cold air mass a warm front occurs.
a. What types of clouds are formed? stratus
b. Describe the weather formed? long periods of rain and warmer temperatures
13. When a cold air mass pushes a warm air mass up a cold front occurs.
a. What types of clouds are formed? Cumulonimbus
b. Describe the weather formed? Rain, thunderstorms, cooler temperatures, and severe weather
14. When a cold air mass meets a warm air mass and doesn’t move a stationary front occurs.
15. When a warm air mass gets pushed up by 2 surrounding cold air masses an occluded front occurs.
16. Warm air rises(rises/sinks) and cold air sinks (rises/sinks)
17. High pressure systems signal fair weather
 Winds circulate in which direction: clockwise
18. Low pressure systems signal rainy/stormy weather
 Winds circulate in which direction? counterclockwise
19. Application/Diagrams: Atmospheric Layers, Water Cycle, Cloud Types, and Fronts
20. Short Answer:
a. Explain the connection between convection and the water cycle. How do they relate?
b. What step in the water cycle affects your life the most? Explain.
c. Draw the symbols for the different types of fronts. (Cold Front, Warm Front, Stationary Front, and Occluded