21 SEPT 2015 BELL ACTIVITY: LISTENING TO FLOCABULARY’S INTRO TO THE ELEMENTS OF LITERATURE Today’s Agenda: Reading for information INTRODUCTION to LITERARY ELEMENTS FOCUS ON LITERARY CONFLICT TRANSITION YOU WILL NEED: HIGHLIGHTERS A PEN INSTRUCTION HANDOUT PRINTING PRESS ARTICLE READING FOR INFORMATION Much of the reading you do is reading to find answers and information. Reading for information is therefore a EXTREMELY IMPORTANT SKILL READING FOR INFORMATION BEFORE READING AN ARTICLE: IDENTIFY THE QUESTIONS YOU NEED TO ANSWER. IF THEY ARE PRINTED AS A PART OF THE ARTICLE HIGHLIGHT THEM. IF THE QUESTIONS ARE ASSIGNED, BUT ARE NOT WRITTEN IN THE ARTICLE, WRITE THEM IN THE MARGINS. IDENTIFY AND HIGHLIGHT THE TITLE AND SECTIONS HEADINGS READING FOR INFORMATION AS YOU READ Highlight any bolded words Highlight any sentences with numbers Highlight any definitions Highlight info YOU think will be important to know a claim sentence in a paragraph main ideas of paragraphs answers to the questions READING FOR INFORMATION What question(s) does the article says you must answer? What question(s) did the teacher tell you to answer using the article? What came before the printing press? Why did Gutenberg develop a printing press? What was his job that made him the perfect guy to make metal typeset. How did the press work and why was it better than previous attempts by the Chinese? READING FOR INFORMATION Final point: Although it is convenient to know what questions you are trying to answer, one of the biggest mistakes you can make is to just look for the answers and not bother to read the rest of the document. LITERARY ELEMENTS ADD THE FOLLOWING NOTES TO THE BACK OF YOUR PRINTED CLOZE NOTES ON LITERARY CONFLICT TYPES LITERARY ELEMENTS CONFLICT SETTING CHARACTER PLOT THEME TONE & MOOD POINT OF VIEW Preview: Characters A CHARACTER:is a person or creature that interacts with others within a story. Without at least one character there is NO STORY ESSENTIAL CHARACTER TYPES PROTAGONIST: The action of the story revolves around the protagonist and the central conflict that he or she faces. ANTAGONIST: the force or character opposing the protagonist in the central conflict. Conflict Conflict is the dramatic struggle between two forces in a story. WITHOUT CONFLICT…. there is NO PLOT, there is NO PROTAGONIST there is NO ANTAGONIST CONFLICT WITHOUT CONFLICT THERE IS NO STORY. THE CENTRAL CONFLICT In most stories there is more than one conflict and more than one type of conflict occurring. There is conflict between the protagonist and minor or other major characters or forces. There may also be conflict with and between minor characters. HOWEVER, THERE IS ONLY ONE CENTRAL CONFLICT FOR EACH STORY, AND WITHOUT IT THERE IS NO STORY. CENTRAL CONFLICT REQUIREMENTS The CENTRAL CONFLICT must be between the protagonist and the antagonist. During the plot climax the protagonist and the antagonist must resolve the CENTRAL CONFLICT. CONFLICT CAN BE DIVIDED INITIALLY INTO 2 BASIC TYPES ALL Conflict is either …… OR Internal External CONFLICT that occurs INSIDE the character’s mind is Internal CONFLICT that occurs between the character and an OUTSIDE force is… External 7 TYPES OF LITERARY CONFLICT: CHARACTER CHARACTER CHARACTER CHARACTER CHARACTER CHARACTER CHARACTER VS VS VS VS VS VS VS SELF CHARACTER NATURE SOCIETY FATE SUPERNATURAL TECHNOLOGY Internal Conflict There is only one kind of Internal Character Conflict….. . VS Self Character vs. Self The only example of Internal Conflict In a Character vs Self Conflict the character experiences some kind of conflict with her or himself. CHARACTER VS. SELF can be as simple as… What do I want vs. what do I need It often involves a choice between right and wrong. can involve the INTERNAL CONFLICT caused by • troubles from one’s past • overwhelming emotions • the decisions associated with growing up. Conflict is always either …… External OR Internal TYPE: CHARCTER VS SELF External Conflict Conflict between a character and an outside force. EXTERNAL CONFLICT: THERE ARE 6 TYPES OF CONFLICT WHICH ARE CONSIDERED EXTERNAL CONFLICT Character vs. Character Conflict This type of conflict finds the character in conflict with another character, human or not human. Character vs. Nature Conflict This type of conflict finds the character in conflict with the forces of nature, which serve as the antagonist. External Conflict Character vs. Nature The character is typically trying to survive the forces of nature. There are stories where a character is trying to discover the causes or secrets of nature. Character vs. Society Conflict This type of conflict has the character in conflict with a larger group: a community, society, culture, governments, schools, tradition, law, etc. Character vs. Fate When a character has a problem with something he can’t do anything about, a pre-determined destiny. A character attempts to break free of a predetermined path chosen before him prior to his knowledge. The prophecy said that Hercules would defeat Hades and save the world. It was his foretold destiny, his fate. Character vs Fate involves a prophecy and or deity. Myths often involve Character vs Fate Conflicts. CHARACTER vs. SUPERNATURAL The character struggles with a supernatural being or force.. Gods Ghosts Vampires Werewolves Aliens Wizards CHARACTER vs. TECHNOLOGY The character is in conflict with any form of technology, usually Computers or machines “I, Robot” a story where one man combats a Robot Revolution.