1820

advertisement

1840

The Agricultural South

1780s

Most Believed Slavery would eventually die out o

1793

5 Million pounds of cotton produced

From primarily 3 states

 o

1820

170 million pounds of cotton produced

Western Expansion creates new states

60% of America’s exports is cotton

The industry becomes known as o

“King Cotton”

1808

Alarmed, Congress bans the overseas slave trade o

No new slaves can be brought to America

Slaves continue to increase in the South

1820:

1860:

Slave demand increases their value

1802:

1860:

A huge amount of $$

Economic Consequences

South becomes dependent on one crop o

Very little commercial growth o o

Few immigrants relocate to the South

Lag behind in urban growth o

As population grows in the North they begin to dominate the House Of

Representatives o

Southern economy does not grow like the North o

2/3 of South’s population are slaves

 o

The South becomes dependent upon the North to supply them with other products

Cultural Consequences

Plantation economy based upon slavery o

Very little emphasis on Education

 o

Slavery dominates society even though only ¼ of the white men held slaves

 o

Why did the majority of Southern society support slavery even though few held slaves?

Many small farmers hoped that one day they could become a slave owner

Poor whites took pride in that slaves were always lower in social class than

 they were (unlike poor northern factory workers in the north)

Download