The Agricultural South


Most Believed Slavery would eventually die out

 o 1793

5 Million pounds of cotton produced

From primarily 3 states

 o 1820

 170 million pounds of cotton produced

 Western Expansion creates new states


60% of America’s exports is cotton

The industry becomes known as “King Cotton” o


Alarmed, Congress bans the overseas slave trade o No new slaves can be brought to America

Slaves continue to increase in the South



 Slave demand increases their value



A huge amount of $$

Economic Consequences

South becomes dependent on one crop o

Very little commercial growth o o Few immigrants relocate to the South

Lag behind in urban growth o As population grows in the North they begin to dominate the House Of

Representatives o

Southern economy does not grow like the North o 2/3 of South’s population are slaves

 o The South becomes dependent upon the North to supply them with other products

Cultural Consequences

Plantation economy based upon slavery o Very little emphasis on Education

 o Slavery dominates society even though only ¼ of the white men held slaves

 o Why did the majority of Southern society support slavery even though few held slaves?

 Many small farmers hoped that one day they could become a slave owner

Poor whites took pride in that slaves were always lower in social class than

 they were (unlike poor northern factory workers in the north)