Round 11

Buckeye Spring Tournament 2012: Spider-Man Gives Chase! FAPPO!
All questions by Ohio State University (Max Bucher, Will Davis, Avery Demchak, Jacob Durst, Tyler Friesen, Matt Gerberich,
Nandan Gokhale, Jarret Greene, Richard Hersch, Peter Komarek, Jasper Lee, Simon Lui, Lauren Menke, Asanka Nanayakkara,
Brice Russ, Kirun Sankaran, Andy Sekerak, Keith Stephens, Joe Wells) and Virginia Commonwealth University (George Berry,
Sean Smiley, Cody Voight)
Edited by George Berry, Jacob Durst, Jarret Greene, Jasper Lee, Andy Sekerak and Cody Voight
Round 11 – Tossups
1) In fish, this organ carries out its primary function through the conus. The most popular measure of this
organ's function contains a QRS complex. VSDs and ASDs are congenital defects in this organ. The
innermost layer of tissue of this organ contains Purkinje fibers. This organ is surrounded by a double-walled,
fluid filled sac. The (*) superior vena cava ends in this organ's right atrium. The primary function of this organ is
regulated by pacemakers. For 10 points, name this organ responsible for circulating blood through the body and
susceptible to a namesake "attack."
ANSWER: heart
2) One character in this novel is known to have donated ping-pong tables to the South Side Boys’ Club. One
scene early in this novel concerns the planned robbery of a deli, which is thwarted when this novel’s
protagonist attacks Gus and forces him to lick his blade. That protagonist later rapes and kills (*) Bessie in an
abandoned building and tries to frame Jan Erlone for another act he committed earlier in this novel. Boris Max
defends the protagonist at trial after he kisses Mary Dalton and then accidentally smothers her with a pillow. For 10
points, name this novel centering on Bigger Thomas, a work of Richard Wright.
ANSWER: Native Son
3) The Sikh version of this practice is preceded by the Ardas prayer and involves the passing of a sword while
stirring Amrit nectar central to this practice. Huldrych Zwingli did not believe that this practice should be
considered one of the sacraments, and his teachings about this act are practiced by Mennonites. Mormons
have performed this action on (*) Holocaust victims, and dictate this practice must be by full immersion, followed
by confirmation. This practice rejected by Quakers is notably performed in the Jordan River. For 10 points, name
this practice of initiating a person into a religion, usually using water.
ANSWER: Baptism
4) In one scene in this play, a character appears only after a host of ladies’ hats and cloaks are taken off and
hung on racks. That scene is followed by one in which a character suggests that another remove her dress, a
scene that was brought about when that man’s wife was sent to be with his secretary, prompting him to go to
the brothel of Madame (*) Pace [“PAH-chay”]. The Step-Daughter character does appear at the brothel in this
play, which ends with the suicide of the Boy after the drowning of the Little Girl. This play begins when the title
figures interrupt a rehearsal of The Rules of the Game. For 10 points, name this Theatre of the Absurd drama by
Luigi Pirandello.
ANSWER: Six Characters in Search of an Author: A Comedy in the Making
5) In one work by this man, a chorus of Hebrew slaves sings "Va, pensiero." A song in another opera by this
man asks "Who turns the gypsy's day from gloom to brightest sunshine?" and includes an instruction to "lift
up your hammers!" That song from Il Trovatore is the (*) "Anvil Chorus." The Duke of Mantua sings that
"woman is fickle" in "La donna e mobile," from the third act of this man's opera Rigoletto. The title character of an
opera by this man sings the arias "Ritorna vincator" and "O patria mia" before being buried alive with Radames. For
10 points, name this prolific Italian composer who showed the death of the title Ethiopian princess in Aida.
ANSWER: Giuseppe Verdi
6) Fred Trump and Belinda Mulroney became successful hoteliers during one of these events, and writer
Robert W. Service would record personal accounts from participants in them. One of these occurred at New
Zealand’s Central Otago District in the town of Gabriel’s Gully, and Big Bend, Stikine, and Cariboo lend
their names to some of the many that have occurred in (*) British Colombia. In the 1850s, Australia witnessed
the Victorian one of these, while the Klondike one in the Yukon Territory would inspire the writings of Jack
London. For 10 points, name this type of event in which a large number of people migrates to find a certain precious
ANSWER: gold rush [accept clear equivalents such as gold strikes or finding gold]
7) This man asked to accompany Vladimir Horowitz in a performance of this composer's Third Piano
Concerto. This man adapted a work by Arnold Bocklin to write "The Isle of the Dead." A poem by Edgar
Allen Poe about “tintinnabulation that so musically wells” inspired this composer's The (*) Bells. This
composer adapted another man's 24th Caprice into a work with a well-known 18th variation. During his tours of the
West, crowds often demanded encores of a short piece by this man that was included in his Morceaux de fantasie.
For 10 points, name this Russian composer who created a Rhapsody on a Theme of Paganini and a “Prelude in Csharp Minor.”
ANSWER: Sergei Rachmaninoff
8) Radio host Mitch Levy made a wager to spank one member of this city’s WNBA team based on her assists
to turnover ratio. A team from this city coached by Lenny Wilkens and led by Dennis Johnson team won the
1979 NBA title. This city has an MLS team known as the Sounders, and its NFL team, owned by Paul Allen,
made the 2010-11 playoffs with a (*) losing record. One team in this city used to play in the Kingdome before
moving to Safeco Field, where it now fields such players as Felix Hernandez and Ichiro. For 10 points, name this
city where Sue Bird plays for the Storm, the former home of the Supersonics, where the Seahawks and Mariners
ANSWER: Seattle, Washington (accept Seattle Storm before the first mention of city)
9) This deity wrapped the serpent Vasuki around his neck. This god is often depicted holding an object that
he broke so that he could record a work dictates by Sri Veda Vyasa. This god walked around his parents
allowing him to win a race around the (*) world, and more commonly travels atop a mouse. This remover of
obstacles received his most notable feature after his father Shiva went to visit Parvati and did not recognize this son
of theirs and decapitated him. For 10 points, name this hindu god with the head of an elephant.
ANSWER: Ganesha [or Ganapati, Vinayaka, or Pillaiyar]
10) This ruler ordered his servant and childhood friend Ibrahim executed for treason after previously
making him Grand Vizier. Some 94 mosques were built by this man’s chief architect, Mimar Sinan. This
man’s admiral Barbarossa won the battle of Preveza over (*) Andrea Doria, and his conquest of Rhodes was far
more successful than his earlier failure to capture Malta from the Knights of St. John. After successfully defeating
Louis II at the Battle of Mohacs, this husband of Roxelana failed in his siege of Vienna. For 10 points, name this
Ottoman sultan, the son of Salim the Grim, who oversaw his empire at the height of its power, known as “the
ANSWER: Suleiman I [accept Suleiman the Magnificent before mention, also accept Suleiman the Lawgiver or
Suleiman Kanuni]
11) One painting by this artist was later used as the inspiration for Francis Bacon’s Screaming Pope. A
painting by this artist features a woman lying on her side with her back towards the viewer, and looks at the
viewer in the mirror. This painter of a Portrait of Pope Innocent X and of the Rokeby Venus was the court
painter to (*) Charles V. Other works line the walls of another painting by this artist, in which he includes himself
working on a painting of the Infanta Margarita, her maids, a dog and a dwarf. For 10 points, name this Spanish
painter of Las Meninas.
ANSWER: Diego Velasquez
12) In one battle during this conflict, the Duc d’Enghien used his cavalry to outflank the tercios of his
opponent, eventually forcing their surrender. In addition to the Battle of Rocroi, another battle during this
conflict saw one side’s forces come under the leadership of (*) Axel Oxenstierna following the death of his
superior at that Battle of Lutzen. That man, Gustavus Adolphus of Sweden, had dominated this war by winning at
Breitenfeld over the Catholic Count of Tilly. Beginning with the Second Defenestration of Prague, for 10 points,
name this brutal Seventeenth Century European religious war that concluded after three decades.
ANSWER: Thirty Years’ War
13) Cape Monze and the peninsula of Menora are located near this country’s largest city, which is locally
known as the “City of the Quaid.” The Zhob and Sutlej are rivers that run through this country, and the
cities of Gwadar and Pasni are found along the Arabian Sea in this nation’s province of (*) Baluchistan. The
Spin Ghar Mountains are cut by the Khyber Pass on this country’s western border, and it shares the mountain K2
with China. This country’s largest city is Karachi, and it has a noted territorial dispute with India over the region of
Kashmir. For 10 points, name this South Asian nation whose capital is Islamabad.
ANSWER: Islamic Republic of Pakistan
14) One of the two major kinds of these entities are created by cabbeling. Fridtjof Nansen's Fram expedition
proved the existence of one of these. One example of these entities is the Kuroshio. The global conveyor belt
consists of them, as do gyres. A displacement in these entities by the Coriolis effect is known as the Ekman
spiral. The Humboldt one is associated with (*) upwelling near Peru. Eddies can be formed by their type formed
by wind, surfaces ones, which are contrasted with deep water ones. For 10 points, identify these masses of moving
water that include the Gulf Stream.
ANSWER: ocean currents
15) This poet denounced the removal of the Elgin marbles in "The Curse of Minerva." One poem by this
author concludes with the lines "A mind at peace with all below, A heart whose love is innocent!" This poet of
"She (*) Walks in Beauty" was inspired by a prohibition against pet dogs to keep a bear as a pet at Trinity College.
This poet became famous after the publication of his tale of Childe Harold's Pilgrimage, which features the first
example of a namesake form of literary hero. For 10 points, name this poet that inverted the story of a famous
seducer in his epic "Don Juan."
ANSWER: George Gordon, Lord Byron
16) This man discussed increasing public debt and the failings of paper currency in The Decline and Fall of
the English System of Finance. In one work, this thinker advocated giving people ten pounds every year upon
turning fifty as a way to combat poverty, and in another he likens Christianity and the Bible to a system of
mythology. In addition to Agrarian Justice and The (*) Age of Reason, he wrote a series of articles that begins
“These are the times that try men’s souls.” That series, The American Crisis, was a response to the Revolutionary
War, and his most famous work outlined the argument for American independence from Britain. For 10 points,
identify this American pamphleteer who wrote Common Sense.
ANSWER: Thomas Paine
17) The pH indicator bromothymol blue is this color at low pHs. A class of accessory pigments of this color in
plants has a namesake cycle which converts pigments that do not quench energy into those that do. That class
of accessory pigments is xanthophyll. Hydrated iron (III) oxide is this color and is also known as (*) ochre. An
intermediate step in the processing of uranium ore yields a powder named for this color. Conducting the flame test
on sodium yields this color. Phosphorus appears to be this color when it contains both red and white phosphorus.
For 10 points, identify this color of crystalline sulfur at room temperature.
ANSWER: yellow
18) This man ordered Fort Gadsden built at a site where Edmund P. Gaines destroyed a fortification known
as the “Negro Fort.” This leader later authorized the executions of Alexander Arbuthnot and Robert
Ambrister on charges of aiding enemies during the (*) Seminole campaign. As a commander, he pardoned
William Weatherford, leader of the Red Stick Creeks, after the Battle of Horseshoe Bend. He enlisted the support
of pirate Jean Lafitte to help him win a victory, even though Treaty of Ghent had already been signed. For 10
points, name this American general, nicknamed “Old Hickory,” who won the Battle of New Orleans and eventually
became the seventh U.S. President.
ANSWER: Andrew Jackson
19) The kinematic form of this quantity is equal to the dynamic form divided by density. The effects of this
property are most significant in the boundary layer. This quantity depends on the magnitude or duration of
the shear stress in (*) non-Newtonian materials. The ratio of inertial forces to this property's forces is known as the
Reynold's number. This quantity is equal to the shear stress divided by the shear strain and is constant for Newtonian
fluids. For 10 points, name this property defined as a fluid's resistance to flow.
ANSWER: viscosity
20) In one work by this author, several characters read the novel The Grasshopper Lies Heavy, and that novel
“of our world as it might have been” diverges from history with the assassination of Franklin Roosevelt. This
author of The Man in the High Castle wrote about a dose of Substance D causing a man known as Agent Fred
to slowly lose touch with reality in his A (*) Scanner Darkly. An empathy test is used to determine Rachael Rosen
is not human in a novel by this author, in which Rick Deckard hunts escaped synthetic beings. For 10 points, name
this author, whose works are primarily science-fiction, such as Do Androids Dream of Electric Sheep?
ANSWER: Philip K. Dick
TB) The original result of this experiment was incorrect because the wrong value for the viscosity of air was
used for Stokes' law, which was applied after calculating the terminal velocity of the particles involved in this
experiment. In the second part of this experiment, the air in a chamber was ionized with x-rays. This
experiment involved (*) balancing the gravitational and electric forces on namesake particles created by an
atomizer. For 10 points, identify this experiment that determined the charge of the electron and was performed by
Robert Millikan.
ANSWER: Fletcher-Millikan oil-drop experiment [accept Millikan's experiment before "Millikan" is read]
Buckeye Spring Tournament 2012: Spider-Man Gives Chase! FAPPO!
All questions by Ohio State University (Max Bucher, Will Davis, Avery Demchak, Jacob Durst, Tyler Friesen, Matt Gerberich,
Nandan Gokhale, Jarret Greene, Richard Hersch, Peter Komarek, Jasper Lee, Simon Lui, Lauren Menke, Asanka Nanayakkara,
Brice Russ, Kirun Sankaran, Andy Sekerak, Keith Stephens, Joe Wells) and Virginia Commonwealth University (George Berry,
Sean Smiley, Cody Voight)
Edited by George Berry, Jacob Durst, Jarret Greene, Jasper Lee and Cody Voight
Round 11 – Bonuses
1) This organization’s “Race for the Cure” is the world’s largest breast cancer research fundraiser. For 10 points:
[10] Name this breast cancer organization named after its founder’s sister, which popularized the use of the color
pink to show support for their cause.
ANSWER: Susan G. Komen for the Cure
[10] Komen for the Cure recently saw criticism for its decision to stop funding screenings provided by this nonprofit organization. This organization provides a variety of women’s services, but its funding of abortions has
attracted the most negative attention from conservatives.
ANSWER: Planned Parenthood
[10] One vehemently anti-abortion movement is this one, which believes that life begins at fertilization. An
amendment named after this principle giving zygotes full human rights was rejected in a vote by Mississippi voters.
ANSWER: Personhood
2) One main section of this collection is entitled “Studies of Manners” and it contains a story where Vautrin plots
the murder of Frederic Taillefer. For 10 points each:
[10] Name this collection which includes Old Goriot. The Cousin Bette part of this story sees its title character bring
down the family of Baron Hulot and the sculptor Count Steinbock.
ANSWER: The Human Comedy [or Le Comedie humaine]
[10] This prolific writer wrote about Eugene de Rastignac in The Human Comedy. He also penned the plays
Resources of Quinola and The Stepmother.
ANSWER: Honore de Balzac
[10] Balzac wrote in this language. It is also the language used by Marcel Proust in In Search of Lost Time, Voltaire
in Candide, and the poet Charles Baudelaire.
ANSWER: French
3) The fundamental theorem of arithmetic states that this operation yields a unique product of prime numbers for
every number greater than one. For 10 points each:
[10] Identify this process of decomposing an object, such as an integer or polynomial, into a set of divisors that
yields that object when multiplied together.
ANSWER: prime factorization
[10] When an expression is in this form, it can be factored into the sum of two numbers and their difference.
ANSWER: the difference of two squares [or a - b ; accept any description that implies that two squares are
subtracted; accept any letters in place of a and b]
[10] This procedure aids in factoring a quadratic equation of the form ax + bx = -c by expressing it in the form a
times the quantity x plus b over 2a all squared is equal to negative c plus b over 4a. The first step in this procedure
is taking half of b, squaring it and adding it to both sides of the equation.
ANSWER: completing the square
4) Two of these deities plunged a jeweled spear into the ocean, with the drops that fell from the blade becoming
islands. For 10 points each:
[10] Name this collection of deities from a animistic tradition that include Izanagi and Izanami, many tales of which
are preserved in the Kojiki.
ANSWER: kami [or Shinto gods, but don't say that if that is not the answer given by the team]
[10] This shamanistic religious tradition of Japan reveres the kami. Jinja are temples in this faith that traced the
imperial lineage to Jimmu, a son of its sun deity.
ANSWER: Shinto [or Shintoism or The Way of the Gods]
[10] The holy ground of a Shinto shrine is often demarcated using one of these traditional gateways. One of these
gates at Itsukushima appears to be floating in the water during high tide.
ANSWER: torii
5) British troops helped win the Battles of the Alma and Bomarsund during this war, although they also experienced
the disastrous “Charge of the Light Brigade” during the Battle of Balaclava. For 10 points each:
[10] Identify this 1850s conflict in which Britain allied with the Ottomans and French against Russia over control of
the namesake peninsula.
ANSWER: Crimean War
[10] British involvement in the Crimean War was partly due to economic interests in this sea which surrounds the
Crimea. Today this sea borders six countries, from Romania and Bulgaria on its western shore to Georgia in the
ANSWER: Black Sea
[10] This port city on the Black Sea was the scene of an eleven month siege during the Crimean War. British forces
led by Lord Raglan and James Simpson helped take this city, which helped defeat Russia.
ANSWER: Sevastopol
6) Name the following members of the Commonwealth of Nations, for 10 points each:
[10] This nation was Great Britain’s only Central American colony. Bordered to the north by Mexico and to the west
by Guatemala it has its capital at Belmopan. The Turneffe Islands lie to the east of this Anglophone country.
ANSWER: Belize
[10] This Commonwealth island nation, with capital at Kingston, is the birthplace of reggae music and the Rasta
Movement. The documentary Life and Debt is about this former British colony.
ANSWER: Jamaica
[10] Located one hundred miles east of the Windward Islands, this island nation is the easternmost member of the
Lesser Antilles. Its capital is Bridgetown, and it includes the municipality of Holetown, as well as The Crane resort.
ANSWER: Barbados
7) This figure was formerly the most beautiful of the angels, and he volunteers for a mission to poison the creation.
For 10 points each:
[10] Name this father of Sin and grandfather of Death who declares that it is "better to reign in hell than serve in
ANSWER: Satan [accept equivalents like The Devil, Lucifer, etc]
[10] This English poet who wrote about his blindness in "When I Consider How My Light is Spent" featured Satan
as the central figure in the epic “Paradise Lost.”
ANSWER: John Milton
[10] Milton wrote this tract in which the claim that "he who destroys a good book, kills reason itself," is used in
support of a free press.
ANSWER: Areopagitica
8) Name some some of the heroes who fought on the side of the Greeks during the Trojan War, for 10 points each:
[10] This greatest hero of the Greeks stopped fighting after an argument with Agamemnon over slaves, but came
back to fight after Patroclus was killed. He slew Hector in a duel but was killed by an arrow to the heel.
ANSWER: Achilles
[10] Two heroes with this name fought in the war; one killed himself when he didn’t receive Achilles’ armor, and
the other incurred the wrath of Athena when he defiled her temple during the sack of Troy.
[10] This figure was too old to partake in combat, but instead gave advice to the leaders of the Greek heroes.
ANSWER: Nestor
9) After its conversion by St. Ansgar, this nation’s first Christian king was Harold Bluetooth. For 10 points each:
[10] Identify this nation that was once part of the Kalmar Union. One urban legend states that during World War II,
this nation’s king wore a yellow Star of David as a sign of protest.
ANSWER: Denmark
[10] After Denmark lost the 1864 Battle of Dybbøl, it ceded influence in this region to Austria and Prussia in the
Treaty of Gastein. Comprised by two namesake duchies, 1460’s Treaty of Ribe established its political cohesion.
ANSWER: Schleswig-Holstein
[10] This Prussian leader orchestrated the division of Schleswig-Holstein. Nicknamed the Iron Chancellor, he
achieved unified Germany, bested Napoleon III in the Franco-Prussian War, and gave the “Blood and Iron” speech.
ANSWER: Otto von Bismarck
10) The protagonist of this work is implied to have died in a chapter titled “Vanished into the Clouds,” which is left
intentionally blank. For 10 points each:
[10] Name this work in which the protagonist has a strained relationship with Lady Aoi and follows the adventures
of that title son of Emperor Kiritsubo.
ANSWER: The Tale of Genji
[10] The Tale of Genji was written by this Japanese author.
ANSWER: Lady Murasaki
[10] The Tale of Genji is considered the first examples of one of these kinds of literary works, other examples of
which include Oliver Twist and Angels and Demons.
ANSWER: a novel
11) The background of this work depicts a large steeple and a mob with torches. For 10 points each:
[10] Name this painting, which depicts a shooting squad at night about to execute a group of men, one of whom
wears a while shirt and raises his arms in a Christ-like stance.
ANSWER: The Third of May, 1808
[10] The Third of May, 1808 is by this Spanish artist, whose other works include a portrait of Charles IV and his
family and a series called Black Paintings.
ANSWER: Francisco Jose de Goya y Lucientes
[10] This collection of prints by Goya is a criticism of Spanish society. One work in this series depicts owls and bats
flying towards a slumped man, The Sleep of Reason Produces Monsters.
ANSWER: Los Caprichos
12) This town was nearly destroyed during Bacon’s Rebellion and was displaced as a colonial capital by
Williamsburg. For 10 points each:
[10] Give the name of this town, the first permanent English settlement in the United States, founded in 1607. Under
the leadership of John Smith, this settlement survived diseases, attacks, and its so-called “starving time.”
ANSWER: Jamestown
[10] Jamestown began exporting tobacco, which was first cultivated by this man. He would help Governor Thomas
Dale pacify the local Native Americans by marrying Pocahontas.
ANSWER: John Rolfe
[10] Rolfe’s wife was the daughter of this Native American chief. He shared his ruling name with the tribal
confederacy he ruled, which would later viciously massacre Jamestown settlers in 1622.
ANSWER: Powhatan or Wahunsonacock
13) Georg Philipp Telemann wrote the first concerto for this instrument, and it is the solo instrument in Harold in
Italy. For 10 points each:
[10] Name this string instrument that is larger than a violin and has C, G, D, and A strings.
ANSWER: viola [do not accept “viola da gamba” or “viol”]
[10] Music for the viola is written using this clef, in which middle C is located on the third line of the staff.
ANSWER: alto clef
[10] This composer also wrote a concerto for viola, his Kammermusik No. 5. He is better known for symphony
based on his opera Mathis der Maler.
ANSWER: Paul Hindemith
14) The SI unit of the magnetic field is named for this man. For 10 points each:
[10] Identify this scientist best known for developing the alternating current system, eventually initiating his "War of
the Currents" with Thomas Edison.
ANSWER: Nikola Tesla
[10] The force a magnetic field, B, exerts on a charged particle is equal to charge times instantaneous velocity
crossed with B. Since the force will always be perpendicular to the particle's path, this quantity due to B will always
be zero.
ANSWER: work
[10] The direction of the magnetic force on a charge or current can be determined using this method. One can use
either the middle finger, index finger and thumb or curl the forefingers and use the thumb in this method.
ANSWER: right-hand rule
15) In this work, the phrase “follow the leader” is painted on the bow of the San Dominick. For 10 points each:
[10] Name this story that was included in the Piazza Tales that centers around the takeover of the title Spainard’s
ship by the slave Babo.
ANSWER: “Benito Cereno”
[10] “Benito Cereno is a work by this novelist who first hit it big with the novel Typee. His other works include Billy
Budd and “Bartleby the Scrivener.”
ANSWER: Herman Melville
[10] In this work by Herman Melville, Tashtego harpoons the first whale that gets killed by a member of the
Pequod, a ship captained by a man named Ahab obsessed with a certain white whale.
ANSWER: Moby Dick
16) His first law of inheritance states that one allele per pair passes from a parent to an offspring. For 10 points each:
[10] Name this Austrian monk whose experiments with pea plants provided the basis for genetics.
ANSWER: Gregor Mendel
[10] Mendelian genetics mathematically leads to this doubly eponymous principle, which states that allele
frequencies in an ideal population will remain constant.
ANSWER: Hardy-Weinberg principle
[10] One situation where the Hardy-Weinberg principle fails to hold is this evolutionary event, where a population
size drastically decreases, causing random genetic drift and low genetic diversity.
ANSWER: population bottleneck
17) During the 19th century, this country was ruled by the Barakzai dynasty. For 10 points each:
[10] Name this country once controlled by the Taliban, with a capital at Kabul.
ANSWER: Afghanistan
[10] These fighters, precursors to the Taliban, came together to fight off the 1979 Soviet invasion of Afganistan.
They received extensive American aid, including Surface to Air Missiles used to take down Soviet helicopters.
ANSWER: Mujahideen
[10] During the 19th Century, Britain fought several wars with Afghanistan as a part of this larger conflict based
around trying to rebuff Russian efforts to expand their influence towards India.
ANSWER: The Great Game
18) The Goldman equation improves on this equation by taking into account the transmembrane potential of
ions. For 10 points each:
[10] Name this equation, which uses the reaction quotient and several constants to calculate the reduction potential
of an electrochemical cell that is not in equilibrium.
ANSWER: Nernst equation
[10] The equilibrium reduction potential of an electrochemical cell can be calculated using the reduction potentials
of these reactions, which describe the energy needed or released when atoms are ionized.
ANSWER: half reactions
[10] Electrochemistry is used in galvanization, in which material is covered with a coating of this element. It forms
an alloy with copper in brass.
ANSWER: zinc [accept Zn]
19) Name some Washington, DC memorial landmarks, for 10 points each:
[10] Portable versions have been created of this war memorial's main component, a black stone triangular wall,
designed by Maya Lin, inscribed with the names of the over 58,000 missing and dead.
ANSWER: Vietnam Veterans Memorial [accept Vietnam War Memorial]
[10] This memorial, designed by John Russell Pope, is an open circular building in neoclassical style on the shores
of the Tidal Basin, with a statue of the Founding Father standing as centerpiece inside.
ANSWER: Thomas Jefferson Memorial
[10] This public square, directly north of the White House, contains statues of Andrew Jackson, Friedrich von
Steuben, and the French officer of the Continental Army which it is named after.
ANSWER: Lafayette Square
20) Alfred North Whitehead once said that all philosophy is simply a footnote to this figure. For 10 points each:
[10] Name this student of Socrates, an ancient Greek philosopher who founded the Academy, and wrote a whole
bunch of dialogues including one in which he chronicles Socrates’ defense at his trial, the “Apology.”
[10] Thrasymachus claims justice is the advantage of the strongest party in this dialogue by Plato, and the Allegory
of the Cave is used to expound the Theory of Forms. It also outlines an ideal government ruled by philosopherkings.
ANSWER:The Republic
[10] This dialogue, perhaps the first philosophical defense of atheism, asks about the nature of piety. It asks whether
pious actions are thus because they please the gods, or simply because gods are pleased by pious actions.
ANSWER: “Euthyphro”
TB) This organ is protected by the cornea, and deformation in its shape leads to diseases such as glaucoma. For 10
points each:
[10] Name this organ, which allows you to see.
ANSWER: eyes
[10] This structure in the back of the eye contains photoreceptor cells, like rods and cones. It contains a blind spot
where it connects to the optic nerve.
ANSWER: retina
[10] Another part of the eye is this clear, gel-like fluid that fills the space between the retina and the lens.
ANSWER: vitreous humor