RAD 242 L 1 Learning Objectives Define the word “anatomy”. Explain the organization of the human body Name the different regions of the body Explain the different terms used in anatomy. Define the anatomical position. Definition Anatomy is the study of the structure of the body. In the laboratory, anatomy is studied by dissection. Kinds of anatomical studies Microscopic anatomy Gross anatomy, - by systems, - by regions, Regions of the human body Back and Trunk. the thorax (chest), abdomen, Pelvis, ,The lungs, the heart, and the digestive system. Head and Neck. The brain, eyes, ears, mouth, pharynx, and larynx. Limbs. (1) upper limb includes a shoulder, arm, forearm, wrist, and hand. (2) lower limb includes a hip, thigh, leg, ankle, and foot Anatomical Terminology - prefix, a root (or base), and a suffix. The anatomical position Planes of the body A Figure 1-3, A. The sagittal plane. B B. The horizontal plane. C C. The frontal plane. Directions a. Superior, Inferior. b. Anterior, Posterior. c. Medial, Lateral. d. Superficial, Deep. e. Proximal, Distal. Names a. Chosen to describe the structure or process as much as possible. b. Chosen to identify structures properly.