Terms - Chapters 16-18

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AP WORLD HISTORY: TERMS FOR CHAPTERS 16-18
DIRECTIONS: For each term listed below, provide a well-developed definition that explains the significance of
that term. Your definition should be written in a complete sentence(s). All terms and their definitions must be
numbered and hand-written.
ex. Cuneiform: This is the first known writing system and was developed c3500 BCE by the Sumerian
civilization located in Mesopotamia’s Fertile Crescent.
**Please note**: The terms below are not necessarily listed in the order that they are found in the text. Many
terms are NOT highlighted or italicized as you read them in the textbook. Use your textbook’s glossary or index
to locate the terms. You may also use outside resources to define the term, but the definition provided must be
relevant to our historical studies. Do NOT trust publically edited websites such as Wikipedia or Yahoo Answers
to retrieve definitions.
1.
2.
3.
4.
5.
6.
7.
8.
9.
10.
11.
12.
13.
14.
15.
16.
17.
18.
19.
20.
21.
22.
caravels
sea-based empires
British East India Company
Columbian Exchange
Prince Henry the Navigator
John Locke
Vasco da Gama
Christopher Columbus
Ferdinand Magellan
Boers
Cape Colony (of Southern Africa)
Francisco Pizarro
conquistadores
Hernando Cortes
Montezuma II
Atahualpa
mercantilism
Louis XIV
Versailles (the palace)
Adam Smith
absolute monarchy
constitutional monarchy
23. Protestant Reformation
24. Catholic Reformation (or
“Counter Reformation”)
25. Jesuits (or “the Society of Jesus”)
26. The Enlightenment (the
European philosophical
movement)
27. Johannes Gutenberg
28. Niccolo Machiavelli
29. The Renaissance
30. Martin Luther
31. The 95 Theses
32. Edict of Nantes
33. Isaac Newton
34. Scientific Revolution
35. Galileo Galilei
36. Nicolaus Copernicus
37. King Henry VIII (of England)
38. Time of Troubles
39. Romanov Dynasty
40. Cossacks
41. Czar Peter the Great
42. Empress Catherine the Great (of
Russia)
43. westernization
44. Pugachev Rebellion