PROCESS WRITING Example Paragraph Ways to make Breaking up Easier Breaking up with a boyfriend or girlfriend can be easier said than done, but here are five steps that may help the breaking up process. First, try to distance yourself by suddenly becoming busier than usual. The next step is to calmly tell the other person how you are feeling. Then gently let him or her know that you do not want to be together anymore. Then make sure to be sensitive of his or her feelings and answer any questions that he or she may have. For example, if the person starts to cry, use kind words to help comfort him or her. After everything is said and done, take some alone time for your self because everyone has feelings to sort out after a break up. Finally, go out with friends and meet new people. With these five steps it will make the breaking up process smooth for both parties. ~© Sara Bedwell~ Characteristics of Process Paragraphs: Are usually organized chronologically (by time order). Follow a logical order (first things first!). Give all the necessary steps. Topic Sentence A topic sentence tells the reader the main topic and how the topic is going to be discussed or organized. In a process paragraph, it tells you what the result of the process will be and may mention the number of steps. Topic Sentence What is the topic sentence in the example paragraph? Breaking up with a boyfriend or girlfriend can be easier said than done, but here are five steps that may help the breaking up process. Transitions To write a good process paragraph, good use of transitional expressions is necessary. They alert the reader that a new step is coming. They also help the reader to find and remember the information more easily. Some common transitions useful for process writing: first, next, then, firstly, secondly, finally, after that, . . . Transitional Expressions What are the transitional expressions in the example paragraph? First The next step Then Next After everything is said and done, Finally Transitional Expressions Beginning a Process (at)first, initially, begin by Continuing the Process second, third step, until, after(ward), then, next later, before, when, while, as soon as, as, upon, during, meanwhile Ending a Process finally, at last Checklist A process paragraph or essay: explains how to do something in a series of steps explains how something works Checklist: The Topic You don’t have to limit your topic to concrete practical subjects such as building a doghouse or installing drywall. You could explain how to plan a budget holiday, prepare for final exams, get a deal on a used car, or revive a romance Pick a subject you know about and explain the process in logical steps. Checklist: The Topic Consider all the information your reader would need in order to follow your instructions. Avoid topics like how to tie your shoes or how to bake an apple pie which are unlikely to excite a reader. Checklist: The Topic If you work out regularly, you might write about the steps to improve physical fitness. If you fish, you might offer advice on how to prepare yourself for a fishing trip. Write about what you know, and search for a unique slant on your topic. Before and As you Write Narrow the topic. Think of whom you are writing to. Make a topic sentence that clearly states what your process result will be. Free write or brainstorm some ideas that might help with the process. Drop information that is not necessary in the process. Before and As you Write Make an outline with the steps of how you will write it. Write a draft of the process and use transition expressions to indicate order. Revise. Proofread to make sure that you have no errors in grammar or spelling, punctuation, or mechanics. Assignment Write a process paragraph. Choose a topic that interests you and that you know about. Examples How to do something How to reconcile your checkbook How to select an apartment How to travel successfully with children How to quarrel and win Read & Deconstruct Read the following paragraph. Create PowerPoint slides that illustrate the process. (Do not copy each sentence; use phrases. You may add images if you finish early. Example Paragraph See teacher handout: How to Prepare for a Race Assignment How to shop for a used car How to quit smoking How to deter a mugger or attacker Assignment How to make something How to sculpt something in clay How to make a dress How to build a deck, bookcase, or doghouse. Assignment How something works How data is transmitted by computer How a solar heating system works How a piano works How a bad habit develops The way children learn to talk Assignment Requirements Your process must include at least five steps. Your process must include instructions for WHAT to do, HOW to do it (if necessary), and WHY to do it (if appropriate) Your process must show the complexity of the topic. Don’t be simplistic. THE END Begin Writing!