Investigation 1 Population and Ecosystems Ecology Ecology is the study of ecosystems. Give examples of an individual, population, and community in an ecosystem. What is an ecosystem. Individual One single organism. Population All the individuals of one kind (one species) in a specified area at one time. Community All the interacting populations in a specified area. Ecosystem A system of interacting organisms and nonliving factors in a specified area. Biotic and Abiotic Biotic Factors: Living organisms and products of organisms Abiotic Factors: Nonliving things in an ecosystem. Activity: Card Sorting You will work in groups of two. One deck of ecosystem cards Sort cards into different piles. The piles should be: Individuals, Populations, Communities, Ecosystems, and Abiotic Factors Record card-sort onto the given worksheet.