RCR for the Humanities

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RCR for the Humanities

Sharon Shriver [email protected] www.research.psu.edu/orp

• Penn State’s program for the education of graduate students in ethical research and scholarship

14 colleges, multiple locations

~ 200 graduate programs

~ 9000 graduate students

• Inspired by the America COMPETES Act (2007):

• NSF-funded institutions must “…provide appropriate training and oversight in the responsible and ethical conduct of research”

SARI Program format

• Part 1:

Online RCR training program offered by

Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI)

• Biomedical science, physical sciences, engineering, social/behavioral science, human subjects, humanities

• Part 2:

Five hours of discipline-specific discussion

• Offered through PSU colleges and graduate programs

RCR for the humanities

• “Research” vs. “scholarship” vs. ??

• History of field (?)

– Medicine

– Research

– Engineering

– Biomedical science

– ? Humanities

“Unfortunately, the discipline of history does not lack for recent examples of questionable research ethics.”

Erich Schienke, Assistant Professor - Science, Technology, and Society Program

Pennsylvania State University

Ethical Leadership and Decision Making in Education (2005) Shapiro, J., and Stefkovich, J.

Responsible Conduct of Research

Data acquisition, management, sharing and ownership

Conflict of interest and commitment

Human subjects

Animal welfare

Research misconduct, including plagiarism

Publication practices and responsible authorship

Mentor/trainee responsibilities

Peer review

Collaborative research

Responsible Conduct of Research

yyyyy Data acquisition, management, sharing and ownership yyy Conflict of interest and commitment yyyyyyy y

Human subjects

Animal welfare yyyyyyy yy

Research misconduct, including plagiarism yyyyyy

Publication practices and responsible authorship

Mentor/trainee responsibilities

Peer review yyyyyyy y

Collaborative research yyyyyyy y

Requested/planned topics

• English: training on using bibliographic materials; collaborative projects; ethics of translation; use of copyrighted material

• History / Archaeology / Anthropology: protocols for using human remains, e.g. Native American Graves Protection and Repatriation Act; oral history ethics

• Jewish studies: effects of research on subject populations

• Economics: proper handling and sharing of data and methods (e.g. guidelines from American Economic

Association)

Requested/planned topics, continued

• Art education:

– Art education: human subjects research in virtual environments (Second Life, SIMS)

– Returning ancient artifacts to rightful owners

– Use/abuse of sacred or ritual artifacts

– De-accessioning artworks from museums for money

– Research with children

– Online images and public media

CITI training for humanities

• Introduction to the Responsible Conduct of Research

• Research Misconduct in The Arts and Humanities

• Data Acquisition and Management Module

• Responsible Authorship and Publication

• Responsible Peer Review Module – Humanities

• Responsible Mentoring Module

• Conflicts of Interest in Research in the Humanities

• Responsible Conduct of Collaborative Science Module

CITI training – proposed changes

• Introduction to the Responsible Conduct of Research rewrite

• Research Misconduct in The Arts and Humanities rewrite

• Data Acquisition and Management Module revise

• Responsible Authorship and Publication revise

• Responsible Peer Review Module – Humanities rewrite

• Responsible Mentoring Module revise

• Conflicts of Interest in Research in the Humanities omit

• Responsible Conduct of Collaborative Science – rewrite

Proposed changes

• Language

• Examples / Case studies

• Content

Example: Responsible authorship and publication

• Introduction

• Deception

• “The Scientific Corpus”

• Authorship

• International Committee of Medical Journal Editors

(ICMJE) standards

• Order of authors

• Redundant publication and self-plagiarism

• Fragmentation

• How to make an acknowledgement

• Conclusion

• Resources

Example: Responsible authorship and publication: Case studies

• The grateful author

• The deceased author

• The chair as an author

• Whose data is it anyway?

• Taking short cuts

• Stephen Ambrose/Doris

Kearns Goodwin

• John Allegro / Dead Sea

Scrolls

• Case “Conducting Research in Online Communities”

(APPE publication)

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