APES Bureau of Land Management (BLM) Resp. for sustained and productive mgt. of diverse public lands & subsurface mineral rights. Land mgt. model shifted from "multiple use" to "ecosystem management." New “ecosystem mgt" principles evaluate the total environment instead of the localized land use planning. United States Dept of Agriculture (USDA) USDA recognizes that conservation by farmers, ranchers and forest owners today means thriving and sustainable agriculture for our future. EPA – Environmental Protection Agency Federal Insecticide, Fungicide and Rodenticide Act Regulated by the EPA States must register pesticide use to EPA States are authorized to regulate pesticides under FIFRA and state regulations. * EPA regulates pesticides imported for use in the US EPA participates in international agreements and conservation practices *Some states have stricter guidelines on pesticide use than the EPA. Signed by Pres Roosevelt Intended to stop injury to private grazing lands (exc. Alaska) by preventing overgrazing and soil deterioration. Overseer: Bureau of Land Mgt. Land must be capable of growing forage or crops used to support livestock. Organized grazing districts fr private land owners—must obtain a permit fr BLM. Focus is leasing public land for grazing of livestock. Follows the same conditions of the Taylor Grazing Act but for public lands. Livestock owner must obtain a permit as well. EPA requires stricter safety standards in the use of pesticide use by US companies. Focus is on the use of pesticides and their effect on public health. Established guidelines for insure tolerances of pesticides can be used with “reasonable certainty of no harm”! Amended as RCA=Resources Conservation Act Overseen by the USDA Appraises the status and trends of soil, water & other nat resources on non-federal lands to meet future demands. Evaluates current and needed programs & policies of resources. Evaluates interrelated issues that affect agriculture, forestry such as climate change, biofuels & quality / availability of water.