Biological Anthropology Physical Anthropology Biological (Physical) Anthropology Biological – or physical – anthropologists are biologists who study humans as organisms. Primarily concerned with humans as a biological species Most closely related to natural sciences Major research areas: Human evolution Modern human variation Biological (Physical) Anthropology Biological anthropologists show us how the capacity for culture itself has evolved and how that capacity, in turn, has influenced our biological evolution. Biological Anthropology Questions What is the relation between modern apes and humans? Who are the oldest humans and where did they develop? What happened to the Neanderthals? Are we still evolving? What accounts for the different color of people’s skin around the world? Are gendered behaviors genetic?