Criminal Justice Process: The Investigation Mrs. Gurzler Arrest Vocab • Arrest – takes place when a person suspected of a crime is taken into custody. • Arrest warrant – a court order commanding that the person named in it be taken into custody. • Probable cause to arrest means having a reasonable belief that a specific person has committed a crime. No exact formula. • Drug courier profile – used to provide a basis to stop and question a person or to help establish probable cause for arrest. Some argue this is unfair. Arrest Vocab Continued… • Corroborate – Police are required to confirm tips from citizens • Reasonable suspicion – based on even less evidence than probable cause. • Stop and frisk – if an officer thinks that a person is armed and dangerous, they may pat down the person’s outer clothing Search and Seizure • Exclusionary rule – If the court finds the search was unreasonable, then evidence found in the search cannot be used at the trial against the defendant. • Search warrant – a court order, issued by a judge • Before a judge issues a warrant, a police officer must file an affidavit – a sworn statement of facts and circumstances that provides the probable cause to believe that a search is justified. Interrogations and Confessions • Interrogate – after an arrest is made, the police question the accused • Self-incrimination – a suspect has the right to remain silent and cannot be forced to testify against himself or herself. – The government bears the burden of proof. – 5th Amendment – “I Plead the Fifth” – Police officers have to read them to you when you are arrested.