THE LIFE AND TIMES OF WILLIAM SHAKESPEARE Introduction to Shakespeare’s Life English 1 Honors SHAKESPEARE? REAL SHAKESPEARE (UNFORTUNATELY…) CHILDHOOD • William Shakespeare was born as the third oldest of eight children on April 23, 1564. • Hometown: Stratford-Upon-Avon, England. • Father was a shopkeeper, but had many other jobs: • Justice of the Peace • Mayor of the town SHAKESPEARE’S HOUSE (THEN) SHAKESPEARE’S HOUSE (NOW) EDUCATION • Grammar School • Studied Latin grammar, Literature and rhetoric • Definition: Rhetoric • No formal education other than grammar school. LOVE • Married at age 18 to Anne Hathaway, age 26. • Anne and William had three Children • Susanna • Hamnet (Died at a young age) and Judith (twins). ACTOR AND AUTHOR • Most popular form of entertainment, Baird (storyteller), plays, and books. • Books were not in wide circulation like they are today. • Expensive • Most people could not read. Only aristocracy were able to read. • Shakespeare decided to become an actor in order for his work to be shown to even the lowest of peasants. • Joined several acting troops before becoming the head actor and writer of plays for the Lord Chamberlain’s Men (later known as The King’s Men). TIME TO RETIRE • Retired from acting in 1612. • Due to his popularity, he was able to buy the second biggest home in all of Stratford. • FUN FACT • Shakespeares Will • Susanna – The property • Judith – 300 pounds • Anne - ………………. Second best bed. DEATH • Died on April 23, 1616 • Buried at Trinity Church in Stratford FINAL WORKS • He wrote • 37 plays • 154 sonnets • 2 long poems • None of his works were published in his life time. Published four years after. • Controversy and Debate?????